宾格 me us you you her/him/it them
代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their
名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs
be动词现在时 Am are are are is are
be动词过去时 was were were were was were
规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell shells toy toys
规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox foxes church churches
规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio radios potato potatoes
规则4 以f, fe结尾的，变f, fe为ves e.g. life lives half halves
规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾， 变y为i+es e.g. sky skies study studies
规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks
规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches
规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾， 变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies
规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing
规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving
规则3 重读闭音节词结尾， 即单词中只有一个元音字母，其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词，双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping
规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played
规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived
规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried
规则4 重读闭音节词结尾， 即单词中只有一个元音字母，其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词，双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped
在清辅音后面读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped
在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched
在/t/，/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated
规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher
规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer
规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾，变y为i再加-er busy-busier
规则4 重读闭音节结尾， 双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter
规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest
规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest
规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾，变y为i再加-est busy-busiest
规则4 重读闭音节结尾， 双写辅音字母再加--est fat-fattest
is= s I am=I m are= re
is not=isn t /iznt/ are not=aren t /a:nt/
do not=don t
does not=doesn t
did not=didn t
can not=can t
have not=haven t
has not=hasn t
will not=won t
shall not=shan t
Light travels faster than sound. 光比声速度快。
The film is rather boring. 这部电影很乏味。
Can you finish the work in time?
Where do you live? 你住那儿?
How do you know that? 你怎么知道那件事?
Do you want tea or coffee?
He doesn t know her, does he?
Sit down, please. 请坐。
Don t be nervous! 别紧张!
What good news it is! 多好的消息啊!
She is fond of collecting stamps. 她喜欢集邮。
The food was good, but he had little appetite.
The film had begun when we got to the cinema.
1)主 + 动例如：
I work. 我工作。
2)主 + 动 + 表例如：
John is busy. 约翰忙。
3)主 + 动 + 宾例如：
She studies English. 她学英语。
4)主 + 动 + 宾 + 补例如：
Time would prove me right. 时间会证明我是对的。
5)主 + 动 + 间宾 + 直宾例如：
My mother made me a new dress. 我母亲给我做了一件新衣裳。
1) 祈使句有两种类型，一种是以动词原形开头，在动词原形之前加do 。
Take this seat.
Do be careful.
Don t move.
Don t be late.
a. Let s 包括说话者
Let s have another try，shall we / shan t we?
= Shall we have another try?
b. Let us 不包括说话者
Let us have another try，will you / won t you?
= Will you please let us have another try?
Let s not talk of that matter.
Let us not talk of that matter.
感叹句通常有what, how引导，表示赞美、惊叹、喜 悦、等感情。
How +形容词+ a +名词+ 陈述语序
What +名词+ 陈述语序
What+ 形容词+复数名词+ 陈述语序
What+ 形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序
How clever a boy he is!
How lovely the baby is!
What noise they are making!
What a clever boy he is!
What wonderful ideas !
What cold weather it is!
What a clever boy !
1)___ food you ve cooked!
A. How a nice B. What a nice C. How nice D. What nice
答案D. 由于How 修饰形容词，副词;what修饰名词。且food为不可数名词，因此A，B 排除。C How + adj. 后面不能再加名词，因此只有D正确，其句型为What + adj. +n.
2)___terrible weather we ve been having these days!
A. What B. What a C. How D. How a
答案A. weather为不可数名词，B，D排除。C为how + adj. 后面不应有名词。只有A，符合句型What +形容词+不可数名词。
3) --- _____ I had!
--- You really suffered a lot.
A. What a time B. What time C. How a time D. how time
1：What + n.+主谓部分
2：How + adj. / adv. / v.+主谓部分。本题属第一种，但省略了bad，相对于 What a bad time I had! 这是个习惯用语。
It is 被强调部分+ that + 句子其他部分。
It is from the sun that we get light and heat.
It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the true state of affairs.
1) It was last night ___ I see the comet.
A. the time B. when C. that D. which
答案C. 强调句的结构是： It +be +强调部分 + that + 主谓句。 强调句的连词只有两个，that和who。当强调的部分是人，且为句子的主语时，才用 who ，其余用that。
原句： My father did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.
强调主语： It was my father who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.
强调宾语： It was the experiment that my father did in the lab yesterday evening.
强调时间： It was yesterday evening that my father did the experiment in the lab.
强调地点： It was in the lab that my father did the experiment yesterday evening.
2)It is ten years ___ Miss Green returned to Canada.
A. that B. when C. since D. as
答案C. 考点是连词用法。 本题易误选为A. that. 其实本句不是强调句。若是，去掉It be that还应是一个完整的句子。而本句去掉 It is that ，只剩下ten years Miss Green returned to Canada. 不成句。因此本句不是强调句。
It is /was +时间+ since 其中is --- has been was --- had been.
She does like this horse. 她的确喜欢这匹马。
Please do take care of yourself. 千万保重。
1) 陈述部分的主语是I，疑问部分要用 aren t I.
I m as tall as your sister，aren t I?
2) 陈述部分的谓语是wish，疑问部分要用may +主语。
I wish to have a word with you, may I?
3) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时，疑问部分用肯定含义。
The Swede made no answer, did he / she?
Some plants never blown , do they ?
4) 含有ought to 的反意疑问句，陈述部分是肯定的，疑问部分用shouldn t / oughtn t +主语。
He ought to know what to do, oughtn t he? / shouldn t he?
5) 陈述部分有have to +v. ，疑问部分常用don t +主语。
We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don t we?
6) 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时，疑问部分用didn t +主语或 usedn t +主语。
He used to take pictures there, didn t he? / usedn t he?
7) 陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn t you?
You d better read it by yourself, hadn t you?
8) 陈述部分有would rather +v.，疑问部分多用 wouldn t +主语。
He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn t he?
9) 陈述部分有You d like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn t +主语。
You d like to go with me, wouldn t you?
10) 陈述部分有must 的疑问句，疑问部分根据实际情况而定。
He must be a doctor, isn t he?
You must have studied English for three years, haven t you? / didn t you?
He must have finished it yesterday, didn t he?
11) 感叹句中，疑问部分用be +主语。
What colours, aren t they?
What a smell, isn t it?
12) 陈述部分由neither nor, either or 连接的并列主语时，疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。
Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?
13) 陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it。
Everything is ready, isn t it?
Mr. Smith had been to Beijing for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn t he?
He is not the man who gave us a talk, is he?
He said he wanted to visit Japan, didn t he?
c. 上述部分主句谓语是think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的定语从句，疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。
I don t think he is bright, is he?
We believe she can do it better, can t she?
15) 陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等，疑问部分常用复数they，有时也用单数he。
Everyone knows the answer, don t they?
Nobody knows about it, do they?
16) 带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句，疑问部分常用 need +主语。
We need not do it again, need we ?
He dare not say so, dare you?
当dare, need 为实义动词时，疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。
She doesn t dare to go home alone, does she?
17) 省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句，疑问部分用will you。
Don t do that again, will you?
Go with me, will you / won t you ?
注意： Let s 开头的祈使句，后用shall we?
Let us 开头的祈使句，后用will you?
Let s go and listen to the music, shall we?
Let us wait for you in the reading-room, will you ?
18) 陈述部分是 there be 结构的，疑问部分用there省略主语代词。
There is something wrong with your watch, isn t there?
There will not be any trouble, will there?
It is impossible, isn t it?
He is not unkind to his classmates, is he?
20) must在表 推测 时，根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。
He must be there now, isn t he?
It must be going to rain tomorrow, won t it?
I aren t I
Wish may +主语
few, seldom, hardly, 肯定含义
ought to shouldn t/ oughtn t +主语
have to+v. don t +主语
used to didn t +主语或 usedn t +主语
had better + v. hadn t you
would rather + v. wouldn t +主语
you d like to + v. wouldn t +主语
感叹句中 be +主语
either or 连接的根 据其实际逻辑意义而定
somebody,nobody,no one 复数they, 单数he
情态动词dare或need need +主语
dare, need 为实义动词 do +主语
省去主语的祈使句 will you?
Let s 开头的祈使句 Shall we?
Let us 开头的祈使句 Will you?
there be 相应的谓语动词+there
must表 推测 根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句
e.g. We have learnt four English songs this month.
How many times have you read the novel?
For many days we haven`t seen each other.
e.g. The delegation has left 代表团已经走了
Look, what you have done. 看你干的事。
already, yet, just, ever, never, by now, so far, recently, by the end of this month, since, for 短语，连词 since 引导的时间状语从句。
cf. Have you had your lunch?
What did you have for lunch?
I have ever been to the Great Wall,_and_I went there last summer with my father.
Have you seen the six thirty`s news program?
Did you see the six thirty`s news program?
如：Tom is reading books in his study .
如：Tom is reading books in his study .
Tom is not reading books in his study .
如：Tom is reading books in his study .
Is Tom reading books in his study ?
如：Tom is reading books in his study . Tom is reading books in his study .
Is Tom reading books in his study ? Is Tom reading books in his study ?
What is Tom doing in his study? Where is Tom reading books?
1)若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式，变为被动语态 时，该不定式前要加 to 。此类动词为感官动词。
feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, mak英语e, observe, see, notice, watch
The teacher made me go out of the classroom.
-- I was made to go out of the classroom .
We saw him play football on the playground.
-- He was seen to play football on the playground.
2)情态动词+ be +过去分词，构成被动语态。
Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry.
1 let 的用法
They let the strange go.--- The strange was let go.
2) 若let 后宾补较长时，let 通常不用被动语态，而用allow或permit 代替。
The nurse let me go to see my classmate in the hospital.
---- I was allowed / permitted to see my classmate in the hospital.
This is a photo of the power station that has been set up in my hometown.
My sister will be taken care of by Grandma.
Such a thing has never been heard of before..
3 表示 据说 或 相信 的词组
believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand
It is said that 据说
It is reported that 据报道
It is believed that 大家相信
It is hoped that 大家希望
It is well known that 众所周知
It is thought that 大家认为
It is suggested that 据建议
It is taken granted that 被视为当然
It has been decided that 大家决定
It must be remember that 务必记住的是
It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday.
appear, die disappear, end , fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand
break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place.
After the fire, very little remained of my house.
比较： rise, fall, happen是不及物动词;raise, seat是及物动词。
The price has been risen.
The price has risen.
The accident was happened last week.
The accident happened last week.
The price has raised.
The price has been raised.
Please be seated.
fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to
This key just fits the lock.
Your story agrees with what had already been heard.
appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn
It sounds good.
die, death, dream, live, life
She dreamed a bad dream last night.
She likes to swim.
To swim is liked by her.
1)wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive
The book sells well. 这本书销路好。
This knife cuts easily. 这刀子很好用。
2)blame, let, remain, keep, rent, build
I was to blame for the accident.
Much work remains.
3) 在need, require, want, worth , deserve后的动名词必须用主动形式。
The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.
This room needs cleaning. 这房间应该打扫一下。
This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。
4) 特殊结构：make sb. heard / understood ，have sth. done 。
be determined, be pleased, be graduated , be finished, be prepared , be occupied , get marries
He is graduated from a famous university.
注意： 表示同某人结婚，用marry sb. 或get married to sb. 都可。
He married a rich girl.
He got married to a rich girl.
注意：当 need, want, require, worth后面接doing也可以表示被动。
Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。
The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。
The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。
The library needs___, but it ll have to wait until Sunday.
A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned
答案A. need +n /to do，need + do，当为被动语态时，还可need + doing. 本题考最后一种用法，选A。如有to be clean 则也为正确答案。
典：done， 不可能已经 。must not do 不可以。
1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。
There goes the bell.
Then came the chairman.
Here is your letter.
Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.
Ahead sat an old woman.
Here he comes. Away they went.
1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语，如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until 等。
Never have I seen such a performance.
Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.
Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
I have never seen such a performance.
The mother didn t leave the room until the child fell asleep.
1) Why can t I smoke here?
At no time___ in the meeting-room
A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted
C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit
答案A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时，其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.
2) Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is.
A. man did know B. man know C. didn t man know D. did man know
答案D. 看到Not until 的句型，我们知道为一倒装句，答案在C，D 中选一个。
改写为正常语序为，Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将not提前，后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就变了。
如 Not only but also, Hardly/Scarcely when, No sooner than
Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.
Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.
No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily.
A. the game began B. has the game begun
C. did the game begin D. had the game begun
答案D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时，一般采用倒装句。这类表示否定意义的词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及not only but , no sooner than, hardly when scarcely when 等等。
注意：只有当Not only but also连接两个分句时，才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的Not only but also仅连接两个并列词语，不可用倒装结构。
Not only you but also I am fond of music.
4 so, neither, nor作部分倒装
表示 也 、 也不 的句子要部分倒装。
Tom can speak French. So can Jack.
If you won t go, neither will I.
---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?
---I don t know, _____.
A. nor don t I care B. nor do I care C. I don t care neither D. I don t care also
答案：B. nor为增补意思 也不关心 ，因此句子应倒装。A错在用 don t 再次否定， C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏连词。
注意： 当so引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时，不可用倒装结构。意为 的确如此 。
Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.
---It s raining hard. ---So it is.
Only in this way, can you learn English well.
Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.
Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed.
6 as, though 引导的倒装句
as / though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前 。
2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语, 随实义动词一起放在主语之前。
Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.
让步状语从句中，有though，although时，后面的主句不能有but，但是 though 和yet可连用。
1) so that 句型中的so 位于句首时，需倒装。
So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.
May you all be happy.
3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had, should等词，可将if 省略，把 were, had, should 移到主语之前，采取部分倒装。
Were I you, I would try it again.
1) Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is
A. man did know B. man knew C. didn t man know D. did man know
2) Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.
A. didn t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn t realize D. I realize
3) Do you know Tom bought a new car?
I don t know, ___.
A. nor don t I care B. nor do I care
C. I don t care neither D. I don t care also
解析：答案为B. 句中的nor引出部分倒装结构，表示 也不 。由 so, neither, nor引导的倒装句，表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so用于肯定句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。
yesterday, last week， ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语
this morning, tonight,this April, now, once，before, already, recently，lately
for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till / until, up to now, in past years, always,
3)现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态，动词一般是延续性的，如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.
过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。
I saw this film yesterday.
I have seen this film.
Why did you get up so early?
Who hasn t handed in his paper?
She has returned from Paris.
She returned yesterday.
He has been in the League for three years.
He has been a League member for three years.
He joined the League three years ago.
I have finished my homework now.
---Will somebody go and get Dr. White?
---He s already been sent for.
Tom has written a letter to his parents last night.
Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.
1)It is the first / second time . that 结构中的从句部分，用现在完成时。
It is the first time that I have visited the city.
It was the third time that the boy had been late.
2)This is the that 结构，that 从句要用现在完成时.
This is the best film that I ve seen.
This is the first time I ve heard him sing. 这是我第一次听他唱歌。
---Do you know our town at all?
---No, this is the first time I ___ here.
A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming
答案B. This is the first time 后面所加从句应为现在完成时，故选B。
---Have you ____ been to our town before?
---No, it s the first time I ___ here.
A. even, come B. even, have come C. ever, come D. ever, have come
答案D. ever意为曾经或无论何时，反意词为never，此两词常用于完成时。 This is the largest fish I have ever seen. It is / was the first time +that-clause 的句型中，从句要用完成时。
I have received his letter for a month.
I haven t received his letter for almost a month.
发表时间：2009-1-22 17:13:25 点击次数：24096次 转载
I have lived here for more than twenty years.
I have lived here since I was born..
My aunt has worked in a clinic since 1949.
Some new oilfields have been opened up since 1976.
I have known Xiao Li since she was a little girl.
My brother has been in the Youth League for two years.
I have not heard from my uncle for a long time.
I worked here for more than twenty years.
I have worked here for many years.
1) Tom has studied Russian for three years.
= Tom began to study Russian three years ago, and is still studying it now.
2) Harry has got married for six years.
= Harry began to get married six years ago, and is still getting married now.
显然，第二句不对，它应改为 Harry got married six years ago. 或 Harry has been married for six years.
1) since +过去一个时间点 。
I have been here since 1989.
2) since +一段时间+ ago
I have been here since five months ago.
3) since +从句
Great changes have taken place since you left.
Considerable time has elapsed since we have been here.
4) It is +一段时间+ since从句
It is two years since I became a postgraduate student.
延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结 果，不能与表示段的时间状语连用。
He has completed the work. 他已完成了那项工作。
I ve known him since then. 我从那时起就认识他了。
2) 用于till / until从句的差异
延续动词用于肯定句，表示 做 直到 瞬间动词用于否定句，表示 到 ，才
He didn t come back until ten o clock.
He slept until ten o clock.
1. You don t need to describe her. I ___ her several times.
A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet
答案B. 首先本题后句强调对现在的影响，我知道她的模样，你不用描述。再次，several times告知为反复发生的动作，因此用现在完成时。
2.---I m sorry to keep you waiting.
---Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes.
A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be
----|-------|-----|---- 其构成是had +过去分词构成。
那时以前 那时 现在
a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。
She said she had never been to Paris.
When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.
c. 表示意向的动词，如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等，用过去完成时表示 原本 ，未能
We had hoped that you would come, but you didn t.
3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。
He said that he had learned some English before.
By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.
Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.
The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ___ in the office.
A. had written, left B，were writing, has left C. had written, had left D. were writing, had left
答案D. 把书忘在办公室 发生在 去取书 这一过去的动作之前，因此 忘了书 这一动作发生在过去的过去，用过去完成时。句中when表示的是时间的一点，表示在 同学们正忙于 这一背景下，when所引导的动作发生。因此
注意： had no when 还没等 就
had no sooner than 刚 就
He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.
1) 两个动作如按顺序发生，又不强调先后，或用then，and，but 等连词时，多用一般过去时。
When she saw the mouse，she screamed.
My aunt gave me a hat and I lost it.
2 ) 两个动作相继发生，可用一般过去时;如第一个动作需要若干时间完成，用过去完成时。
When I heard the news, I was very excited.
Our teacher told us that Columbus discovered America in 1492.
1) 构成will / be going to do sth.
They will have been married for 20 years by then.
You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.
a. 表示现在 正在发生的事情。
We are waiting for you.
Mr. Green is writing another novel.
She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.
c. 表示渐变的动词有：get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。
The leaves are turning red.
It s getting warmer and warmer.
d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用，表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态，往往带有说话人的主观色彩。
You are always changing your mind.
My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.
A. has lost, don t find B. is missing, don t find C. has lost, haven t found D. is missing, haven t found.
have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include, contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue
I have two brothers.
This house belongs to my sister.
Know, realize, think see, believe, suppose, imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget, prefer, mean, understand, love, hate
I need your help.
He loves her very much.
3 ) 瞬间动词
accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow, decide, refuse.
I accept your advice.
seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get, become, turn
You seem a little tired.
this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while
My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.
It was raining when they left the station.
When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.
1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.
A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes
答案C. 割伤手指是已发生的事情，应用过去时。同 时，when表时间的同时性， 玛丽在做衣服时 提供事情发生的背景，因此用过去进行时。
2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.
read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell
答案B.句中的as = when, while，意为 当 之时 。描述一件事发生的背景时，用过去进行;一个长动作发生的时候，另一个短动作发生。句意为 在她看报纸时，奶奶睡着了。 句中的 fell ，是系动词，后跟形容词，如：fall sick。
She ll be coming soon.
I ll be meeting him sometime in the future.
注意：将来进行时不用于表示 意志 ，不能说 I ll be having a talk with her.
Soon, tomorrow, this evening，on Sunday, by this time，tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening
By this time tomorrow, I ll be lying on the beach.
When, while, before, after, till, once, as soon as, so long as, by the time, if, in case , unless, even if, whether, the moment, the minute, the day, the year, immediately
He is going to visit her aunt the day he arrives in Beijing. 他一到北京，就去看他姨妈。
He said he________me a present unless I_______ in doing the experiment.
A. had not given; had not succeeded B. would not give; succeed
C. will not give; succeed D. would not give; will succeed.
答案B. 在时间，条件或让步主语从句中一般不用将来时。本题有He said，故为过去式。主句用将来时，故选B. 此处用一般过去式代替了过去将来时。
The museum opens at ten tomorrow. 博物馆明天10点开门。
1 ) 书上说 ， 报纸上说 等。
The newspaper says that it s going to be cold tomorrow.
Napoleon s army now advances and the great battle begins.
hear, tell, learn, write , understand, forget, know, find , say, remember.
I hear he will go to London.
I forget how old he is.
2) 句型 It is since 代替 It has been since
3) It is five years since we last met11.25 一般现在时代替进行时
1) 句型：Here comes ; There goes
Look, here comes Mr. Li.
Are you staying with us this weekend? 这周和我们一起度周末吗?
We are leaving soon. 我们马上就走。
2) 渐变动词，如：get, run, grow, become, begin及die。
He is dying.
At that time, people did not know that the earth moves.
He told me last week that he is eighteen.
2) 宾语从句中的助动词ought, need, must, dare 时态是不变的。
He thought that I need not tell you the truth.
一般现在时 every , sometimes, at , on Sunday,
一般过去时 yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982, just now
一般将来时 next , tomorrow, in+时间,
现在完成时 for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till/until, up to now, in past years, always, recently
过去完成时 before, by, until, when, after, once, as soon as
过去进行时 this morning, the whole morning, all day, yesterday, from nine to ten last evening when, while
将来进行时 soon, tomorrow, this evening, on Sunday, by this time, tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening