(一)1.目前金融危机正深深地影响到社会的方方面面 2. 人们对如何应对金融危机的不同看法 3. 你的看法
The Impact of Financial Crisis
Presently, international financial crisis is becoming more and more serious, which has been influencing every part of our daily life. Job hunting is increasingly becoming difficult; food is getting more expensive; and people’s everyday living is much harder than before etc.
As to how to deal with the crisis, people have different opinions. Some people hold a more positive view, who believe that the present crisis is not very serious, and we can overcome it in just a few years with the micro-control policy of our government. With the help of the government, living expenses will soon slow down. Things will get better, and we needn’t worry too much. But some other people take an opposite side. They believe that things are the other way round, and the present crisis is getting worse and worse. This crisis is worldwide and cannot be solved in a few years. People’s everyday life will become much harder.
As for me, I have strongly felt the full negative impact this crisis has brought on me. Food in the supermarket is more expensive than that in the last few months; everyday expenses are getting higher. However, I don’t think this crisis is beyond control. I firmly believe that with the right policy of our government this crisis cannot outdo us. we should face this crisis calmly and do things with a more practical mind.
（2） 1．刚参加工作时遇到了哪些困难。 2．产生这些困难的原因。 3．如何克服这些困难。
The Problems I Had When I First Started to Work
When I first started my work in an electronic company, I did meet with many problems. Two main problems are: I did not know how to conduct business with clients and customers and I had no idea about how to deal with a bargain and persuade them to take my offer. The second problem was that there was no room for me and I had to find a room far away from the company. It took me more than one hour on the way to the office and then came back.
The reason for the first problem was that I had no practical experience and I needed to learn and practice. As for the second problem the company could not take care of every employee’s housing. And it was our responsibility to look after ourselves.
To overcome these problems, I worked hard and learned from any one modestly. After half year’s work I became experienced and began to make money. So I was able to rent a single apartment near my company. Now everything is all right to me.
（3）1．合作的意义。 2．合作在工作中的重要性（举例）。 3．怎样培养合作的能力？
Cooperation means that people should work together smoothly for the purpose of mutual benefit. In the work they should help each other and learn from each other. They should have mutual respect, too.
Cooperation is important in our work. Without it, we will fail. For example, two years ago, our institute managed to get a joint research project with a university in the south of China. At first everything went on all right. Then there was a misunderstanding and argument. Finally, the cooperation could not continue and the project failed. This example can show the importance of cooperation. I believe there are more examples.
I think people should start to cultivate their sense of cooperation when they are very young. For example, in primary schools, pupils should be taught how to play with others, and how to study together. At university, students should be told frequently that in today’s world, individual is impossible to make big achievements, and they have to work or conduct research with others. Besides, they should be given a chance for team work. Then I think that people will be able to cooperate well with others.
In today’s society, life-long learning has become very important for everyone. This is because one needs to renew his knowledge continuously in order to meet the needs of his work and fast development of the society.
There are several ways for one to take a life-long learning. One way is to take a part-time education program. It means that one is learning part time while he is working. The program could be at undergraduate level or graduate level. The second way is to study by oneself. You can learn whatever you need for your work on your own. You can learn from books, from TV programs or from Internet or radio.
In my opinion, life-long learning is necessary for us. We should choose one of the ways mentioned above, which depends on your own personal preference and interest. I prefer the first one because this kind of learning is systematic and formal. With the help of the teachers, it is easier to learn and quicker to get what you need for your work.
（5） 1. 当今的年轻人越来越强调个性发展;2. 发展个性是否意味着忽视中国的传统美德;3. 你的观点。
Should We still Cherish Chinese Traditional Virtues
Today's youth do things in their own ways, spend money on whatever they want and talk to people in their own languages——personality development is overstated by young people these days. To some of them, personality means to be totally different from who their parents used to be.
But the problem is that during their pursuit of their personal goals they ignore some of the traditional virtues of which their forefathers were proud. Take the question of fidelity to elders for example. With better education and different experiences, some young people find it's hard to agree with their parents any longer. They have a feeling of superiority and even sometimes turn their back on their elder parents.
To me, personality development and traditional virtues have nothing to do with right or wrong. In our society, we need them both. These virtues help you to become a better Chinese, while personality development will improve your own character.
（6） 1、 当移居国外时，有人喜欢入乡随俗。2、 有人喜欢坚持故乡风俗习惯 3、 你的看法。
When people move to another country, they not only face a different environment and language, but also different customs. Some people choose to follow the customs of their adopted country, they may find that it helps them to adapt more quickly to the new society. They have something to discuss and share with their new neighbors, and sharing customs is one way for people to feel closer to one another. Thus, following the new customs may help immigrants feel more at home. It may also help them to see the positive things in their new environment and do forget their feelings of homesickness.
On the other hand, some people choose to continue following their own customs may also find that it helps them feel more at home. There are many things to adjust to in another country, and following their traditional customs may help people feel more secure in the new surroundings. More importantly, our customs are a part of us. They are an expression of the culture that has shaped us. This is something that most of us would like to pass down to our children and share with others.
To sum up, our customs have value and are an important part of our culture. Therefore, I don't believe that we should abandon our traditional customs when we move to another country. At the same time, I believe that we should learn about the customs of our new home and follow those that appeal to us. In this way, we can remember and celebrate our old culture while adapting to our new one.
（7）1） 目前，在社会上有这样的一种说法，文凭越高越吃香;（2） 而有些人则认为文凭不等于知识;（3） 你的观点。
Knowledge and Diploma
With the development of the society, more and more people enroll in the postgraduate examination for getting a high diploma. It is believed that high diploma equals to high ability and profound knowledge. Most companies are inclined to hire the people with high diploma. It seems that having high diploma means a better future.
However, is it really true that high diploma equals to high ability or profound knowledge? Some people do not agree on this kind of idea. They claim that ability or knowledge means more than diploma. Take Bill Gates, the head of the Microsoft, for example, he does not have a MBA degree which is believed to play a vital role in the success in commercial life. Furthermore, Sam Walton of Wal-Mart Stores Inc. does not a MBA degree, but they are the most successful man in commercial.
In my opinion, diploma does not equal to knowledge. A diploma is a piece of paper which establishes your education degree. But your true ability and the real knowledge come from your hard work and endowment. If you got a diploma by dishonest behavior, no matter how high a diploma it is, it was just a piece of paper, and you were as blank as that paper
The drawing depicts a common incident in our daily lives. The exchange of words between the man and woman shows a lot about them. While the man's politeness is demonstrated when apologizing for having done something wrong, something that should be noticed even more is the understanding of the woman in accepting his apology.
Understanding is a virtue of human beings. It allows us to enjoy the warmth of the sunshine and can bridge the gap of human relationships. Understanding, which can be considered as patience and as a kind of self restrained behavior, is needed in every part of our lives. Understanding can also be regarded as a good behavior. It refers to a good way in which we sincerely and genuinely show politeness, kindness, friendship and respect to people. It is very important for our relationships with others because we are often judged by our manners, which shows our education, our cultural quality and our inner qualities.
With understanding, we can warm each other's hearts and win friendships, and this can be sometimes even more powerful than gun barrels. So, in our daily life, we should always follow the golden rule: Do, as you would like to have done to you.
Exercise and Health
For thousands of years, physical activity has been associated with health. Today, science has confirmed their link, with overwhelming evidence that people who lead active lfestyles are less likely to die early, or to experience major illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes and colon cancer.
Exercise benefits every part of the body, including the mind. Exercising causes the body to produce endorphins, chemicals that lead a person to feel peaceful and happy. Exercise can help some people sleep better. It can also help with mental health issues such as mild depression and self-esteem. Plus, exercise can give people a real sense of accomplishment and pride at having achieved a certain goal.
Exercising can help you look better, too. People who exercise burn calories and look more toned than those who don't. In fact, exercise is one of the most important parts of keeping your body at a healthy weight. When you exercise, you burn food calories as fuel. If a person eats more calories than he or she burns, the body stores them away as fat. Exercise can help burn these stored calories.
Finally, exercising to maintain a healthy weight also decreases a person's risk of developing certain diseases, including diabetes and high blood pressure.
Good transportation is very important to the success of both individuals and a city. Without efficient means of transportation, people will waste a great deal of time going to and from work. This will make them tired and less productive in their jobs. People may rely on either private or public transportation to get them to and from work. If a choice has to be made between spending money on improving the roads for private vehicles or improving public transportation, I would choose the latter for the following reasons.
First of all, better public transportation systems, including buses, trains and subways, will encourage more people to use them rather than drive their own cars. This will reduce the total amount of traffic on the roads and make travel quicker for everyone. Second, using public transportation saves energy.
A bus which carries 60 people is a far more efficient use of fuel than 60 individual cars driving the same route. And last but not least, greater use of public transportation causes less pollution and will keep the environment cleaner. There are many reasons to support spending money on public transportation. Good transportation systems make a city cleaner, more efficient and more convenient. This improves everyone's quality of life and can make the city more prosperous.
Therefore, I support spending money on public transportation systems rather than improving roads.
（11）热点: 就业压力 1. 近几年出现了大学生就业难的现象2. 产生这种现象的原因（如大学生追求的目标过高，专业不对口等）3. 如何解决这一问题（改变就业观念，大学生再培训等）
College Students’ Job Hunting
In recent years, college students find it increasingly difficult to get a job. It sounds strange since young college students are usually intelligent, well-educated phenomenon, aspirant and eager to bring their talent into full play. Then what underlies the strange phenomenon?
There are several reasons for this. To begin with, nowadays college students aim too high. All they want are “good” jobs which could offer good salary, comfortable working conditions, high social status among others. Consequently, most college students are unwilling to accept vacant jobs they consider not “good” enough. Another reason is that there is a big gap between the majors some students study in school and the demands of vacant jobs. So companies think some students are not fit for the jobs.
Solution to the problem requires efforts on both the society and the students. The companies should value the students, talent and knowledge while the latter should not merely aim at material gains. They should be down-to–earth in building up their career.
Furthermore, they should face their weak points so as to improve themselves and be more competent.
（12）. Free Admission to Parks? 1. 越来越多的公园现在免费向公众开放，目的是… … 2. 有人认为这样做会带来一些问题 3. 在我看来… …
Nowadays, more and more parks are open to the public for free. Free admission to parks will motivate people’s interests in history, arts and culture. In this way, parks can provide people with easier access to knowledge and amusement, which is of vital importance for the whole nation.
However, some people hold that free admissions to parks can bring about many problems. Since anybody can enter a park without paying, the park can be overcrowded. Besides, parks will face financial problems since they can’t make profits from the admission fee. Finally, some bad manners such as dropping rubbish anywhere will do harm to the environment of the parks.
In my opinion, free admission to parks is necessary, but we should take some measures to protect parks, for example, limiting the number of visitors. Only in this way, can we use the parks’ function to the fullest. (146 words)
（13）1. 目前盗版的现象比较严重 2. 造成这种现象的原因及其危害3. ·我们应该怎么做Say No to Pirated Products.
Piracy is a serious problem with which this country is confronted. In many places we see people peddling pirated books or disks.
The following are the most critical factors that account for the problem. First, pirated products are much cheaper than copyrighted ones, so they are very attractive to people, especially youngsters, who are not financially well-off. Secondly, with highly developed technology, it is not difficult to manufacture pirated products.
As a result, intellectual property rights are severely infringed upon. Honest producers will lose the motivation to develop new products. Meanwhile, pirated products are often of low quality, thus damaging the interest of buyers.
In view of the seriousness of the problem, it is essential that laws and regulations be formulated and enforced to ban the manufacture and circulation of pirated products. Meanwhile, people should be educated to say no to these products. With these measures taken, we have reasons to believe that the problem can be solved in the near future. (162)
Nowadays, millions of migrant workers flock into cities in search of jobs and betterliving.However, with the sharp rise in the urban population, many problems arise in the development of
Firstly, cities become more and more crowded, putting much pressure upon transportation,housing, sanitation, education, employment and so on. City services and facilities have beenstrained to a breaking point. Secondly, a growing number of private cars emit huge amount of carbon dioxide, leaving the air mercilessly polluted. What is more, the city is also threatened byrising crime. Not a single day passes without the report of someone being robbed, kidnapped or murdered. Last but not least, city-dwellers are not only separated from the natural world but also
isolated from each other, even not knowing the name of their next-door neighbor.
All these problems have harmed the attractiveness of the city. Unless there is some improvement, more and more people may seek to live in the suburbs。
Car and Air Pollution
Too many cars have created a lot of serious problems in our world. Besides congestion,accidents and fast fuel consumption, cars are responsible for a good part of air pollution in big cities. All the time, they are pumping huge amounts of waste gases into the atmosphere. These gases are very harmful, causing disease and even death. One possible solution is to design and develop clean cars and clean fuels. In Shanghai, some of the public buses begin to run on natural gas, which does not give off as much carbon dioxide as the petrol. But it may take decades for the new models of clean cars completely replace the traditional ones. Another solution is to develop modern public transportation systems and restrict the use of private cars. If the price of petrol rises constantly and the public vehicles are efficient and convenient enough, most people will not buy private cars. And the total number of cars in big cities will reduce greatly. On the whole, the elimination of air pollution needs the collective efforts from the government, the public and the environmentalists.
What does friendship mean? There is no definite answer. An eternal theme in literature,friendship is also indispensable in daily life.
Friendship is to our life what salt is to dasher. When you are happy, friendship is just like adding flowers on the brocade; when you are sad, friendship is a dose of consolation; if you are in trouble, friends will surround you and remove the barriers for you; if you have a hard nut to crack, you can turn to friends for help. We admire the great friendship between Marx and Engel, which firmly combined them and pushed them forward on the road to exploring and fulfilling Communism.
Friendship isn't almighty, but no one can live happily without it.
With the fast are pace of modern life, more and more people are living under great pressure.
Some people are afraid of pressure. They think that the stresses and strains of work deprive them of joy and happiness. In their view, stress does harm to them both physically and mentally.That is why they prefer something less competitive and strenuous to something more demanding and challenging.
Others argue that stress isn't as bad as it often supposed to be. Unless it is overwhelming, a certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and stimulation. With out stress, you may slack off and idle away your time. It gives purpose and meaning to an otherwise meaningless, dull life. People under stress tend to bring their potential into full play and to realize their goals.
In my opinion, we shouldn't escape from stress but to face it as it is. What we can do is to adapt to the stress and to profit from it rather than to avoid it.
Fast food is becoming more and more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, nothing is more representative of the fast pace of modern society than fast food.There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is quick and convenient. Go into a fast food restaurant, and your food will be ready in a minute. You can satisfy your hunger instantly. Precious time won't be wasted in waiting-in-line to order or waiting at your table for your food to arrive. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean food, the excellent service and the comfortable environment of the fast food restaurant.
However, I think that fast food isn't healthy enough because it does not compose a balanced diet and is low in nutrition. Doctors suggest that people should avoid eating too much fast food. Although home cooking is time-consuming and following washing-u p tiresome, it offers healthy and delicious meals your body likes and needs. Fast food I s only a good choice when you are in a hurry and we should turn to it only once in awhile.
There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.
There is an old saying______. It"s the experience of our forefathers，however，it is correct in
many cases even today.
Today,____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What
makes things worse is that______.
Nowadays，it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides，______.
Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception，it has both advantages and
People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To
Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.
______ has become a hot topic among people，especially among the young and heated debates
are right on their way.
______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day‐to‐day life.it has brought us a
lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph，it can
be seen that______ while. Obviously，______，but why?
On the contrary，there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time，they say____.
But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example，____.Worst of all，___.
______is necessary and important to our country"s development and construction. First，
______.What"s more, _____.Most important of all,______.
There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______
Confronted with______，we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing，
It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these
measures will certainly______.
Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For
all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own
disadvantages, such as ______.
Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.
I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this
way can ______in the future.
But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing
this with that, however, I prefer to______.
Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us
With the development of society, ______.So it"s urgent and necessary to ____.If every member is
willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.
- 对我来说，我认为有必要……。原因如下：第一，……； 第二，……；最后……但同样
In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______.
Last but not least,______.
It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the
situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may
come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.
mineral water 矿泉水
distilled water 蒸馏水
soda water 苏打水
ice water 冰水
iced coffee 冰咖啡
white coffee 牛奶咖啡
coffee with milk 牛奶咖啡
black coffee 纯咖啡（不加牛奶的）
instant coffee 速溶咖啡
coffee mate 奶精
orange juice 桔子原汁
orange squash 桔子水
lemon juice 柠檬原汁
tomato juice 番茄汁
orange juice 橘子汁
coconut milk 椰子汁
asparagus juice 芦荟汁
grapefruit juice 葡萄柚汁
vegetable juice 蔬菜汁
ginger ale 姜汁
soya-bean milk 豆浆
syrup of plum 酸梅汤
fruit syrup 水果汁 ；果子露
whole milk 全脂奶
milk curd 奶酪
powdered milk 奶粉
condensed milk 炼乳
malted milk 麦乳精
malted milk powder 麦乳精
long-life milk 保久奶
soda pop 汽水
soda water 汽水
soft drink 汽水(不含酒精的饮料)
tea bag 茶包
tea leaves 茶叶
black tea 红茶
green tea 绿茶
lemon tea 柠檬茶
jasmine tea 花茶
jasmine tea 茉莉(香片)
white goup tea 冬瓜茶
chrysanthemum tea 菊花茶
ginseng tea 人参茶
Oolong tea 乌龙茶
buttered tea 酥油茶
Longjing tea 龙井茶
Biluochun green tea 碧螺春
mixed herb tea 凉茶
the first infusion of tea 头泡茶
Gongfu tea 功夫茶
sado tea ceremony 茶道
brick tea 砖茶
white wine 白葡萄酒
red wine 红葡萄酒
appetizer wine 开胃葡萄酒
sweet wine 、wins de liqueur 甜葡萄酒
dry red wine 干红葡萄酒
draught beer 生啤酒
draft beer 生啤酒
dark beer 黑啤酒
fruit wine 果酒
dry gin 松子酒；金酒
gin fizz 杜松子酒
ginseng spirit 人参酒
Wu China Pee 五加皮
White spirit 白干；高梁酒
Kaoliang spirit 高粱酒
sorghum spirit 二锅头
yellow wine 黄酒
tribute wine 贡酒
Shaoxing wine 绍兴酒
whooshing wine 绍兴酒
Fenjiu、Fenjiu spirit 汾酒
special spirit、special liquor 特曲
old cell 、old wine-wault 老窖
high-grade Shaoxing wine 花雕
tincture of capsicum 花椒酒
tonic wine 补酒
old wine 、aged wine 陈酒
rice wine 米酒
sticky rice wine 糯米酒
bubbing wine 汽酒
sweet wine 甜酒
dry sweet wine 不甜的酒
fermented glutinous rice 酒酿
osmanthus-flavored wine 桂花酒
Director of the hospital 院长
chief physician 主任医师
associate chief physician 副主任医师
attending doctor 主治医师
resident doctor 住院医师
intern doctor 实习医师
general practitioner 全科医师
head of the nursing department 护理部主任
Head nurse 护士长
Student nurse 实习护士
urologist surgeon 泌尿外科医师
plastic surgeon 矫形外科医师
Doctor for tuberculosis 结核科医师
Doctor for infectious diseases 传染病科
Assistant pharmacist 药剂医士
Laboratory technician 化验员
Assistant nurse 卫生员
Sanitation worker 消毒员