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LSAT

  • 下面是教育小编为大家整理的一篇关于如何高效地应对LSAT阅读的文章,供大家参考,下面是详细内容。
     
      1. Figure out the passage’s structure 弄清文章的结构
     
      Unlike a newspaper article, it is harder to figure out exactly what is going on in a reading comprehension passage. Whereas a newspaper article goes from most important information to least important information, each passage given to you will be all over the place in terms of structure. Figuring out how the paragraphs relate to each other and the overall point will be essential to figuring out the questions later on.
     
      不像阅读报纸,在做阅读理解的时候你很难真正弄明白文章到底在讲什么。不像报纸中的文章那样结构主次分明,阅读理解的文章结构总是显得很乱。搞清楚每个段落之间的联系和主题对答题至关重要。
     
      2. Identify buzzwords and key concepts鉴别流行词和主旨
     
      One way that will help with understanding structure is focusing in on those buzzwords and key concepts. Gauge each narrator’s tone by focusing on their adjectives — do they “strongly disagree or agree”? Do they voice concerns or play devil’s advocate? Make sure you read carefully and pick up those subtle one word buzzwords that will help answer lots of questions down the line.
     
      一个理清文章结构的好办法是找寻文中的关键词和概念。通过形容词来鉴别文中每个叙述者的预期吧。这样可以帮助你推断诸如“叙述者是反对还是强烈反对?”这样的问题。叙述者表达了担忧还是决心当魔鬼代言人?努力保障你仔细找寻文章里的关键词可以大幅提高答题的正确率。
     
      3. Don’t make too many marks on the page 不要做过多的标注
     
      Years of college highlighting have taught us to make marks on the page to remind ourselves of what we are reading. For the LSAT, however, you don’t have time for that. Circle important key concepts and buzzwords, as mentioned above, but don’t underline entire sentences. The more minimal the markings, the better it is visually for you to process the information. If you feel that markings can help you understand the passage’s structure better, try to reduce them to bare minimum arrows and asterisks, as opposed to highlighting or underlining.
     
      在本科阶段的学习中,我们被要求在阅读过的部分做标注来提醒自己读过部分的内容。但是LSAT考试期间,你没有时间这么做。因此,把重要的部分和关键词画圈,而尽量避免划出整段的句子。标注越少就越有利于你处理文章中的信息。如果你还是觉得标注可以帮助你更好的理解文章,那么尝试着把它们的数量减为较小吧。多用箭头和星号,少用下划线。
     
      4. Zoom out and remember big picture  注重宏观理解
     
      Ultimately, keep the big picture idea in your head. There are general patterns for reading comprehension passages. One type, for example, is talking about a historical figure and his/her accomplishments. Another talks about the pros and cons of a new industrial process. Another is veiled as advocating one position and then asserting why that position is wrong. Practice summarizing to yourself what the big picture is after you have finished, and use that guideline as a comparison point for the right answer.
     
      较终,你需要对文章的主旨搞懂。对于这一点,阅读理解部分其实是有迹可循的。比如说,文章通常会介绍一个历史名人的辉煌事迹,或者会分析一种新型工业产线的好坏。还有一种类型是先提倡一种观点然后再推翻它。在读完文章后试着去练习总结出主旨吧。然后用所得出的结论来判断正确答案。

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训阅读中美国刑法词汇,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      Year and a Day Rule 满一年原则(如受害者满一年未死亡,不得以杀人罪起诉被告)

     

      Wharton's Rule 沃顿原则(如果某种罪较少得由N人所犯,那么N+1人才构成同谋罪

     

      voluntary manslaughter 故意杀人点点我试试!

     

      voluntary intoxication 故意醉酒

     

      VOCA 《犯罪受害人法案》

     

      victim/witness assistance programs 服务组织提供的对犯罪受害人及证人的安慰及帮助

     

      victims rights 刑事司法过程中受害人的基本权利

     

      victimless crime 无受害者犯罪

     

      victim impact statement 受害人影响陈述

     

      victim 受害人

     

      vehicular homicide 车祸致人死命罪

     

      uttering 故意提供或传递伪造文件罪

     

      unlawful assembly 非法集会

     

      Uniform Determination of Death Act (UDDA) 《统一死亡判定法案》

     

      truth in sentencing 判决及释放之间

     

      trespassory taking 非法盗窃

     

      treason 叛国罪

     

      three-strikes legislation 重罪加长刑期法

     

      theft of computer services 非法窃取计算机服务

     

      tangible property 有形资产

     

      syndrome-based defense 基于综合症的犯罪

     

      syndrome 综合症

     

      sudden passion 突然情感爆发(可能导致故意杀人)

     

      substantive law 实体法(规定基本权利及义务)

     

      substantive criminal law 实体刑法

     

      substantial step 实质措施

     

      substantial capacity test 实质行为能力测试

     

      subornation of perjury 非法教唆他人作伪证

     

      strict liability crimes 严格责任犯罪(无犯罪意图或过错仍然有罪)

     

      strict liability 严格责任(无犯罪意图或过错仍然有责任)

     

      以上就是关于LSAT阅读中美国刑法词汇的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训阅读题如何练习,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      第一次接触文章的时候,大致地浏览一下文章,以找出作者写作这篇文章的核心思想;并且对文章的组织结构有一个总体上的感觉;阅读文章后面的问题。如果后面的问题有一些在现场感觉难以应答,可以先略过,等到回答了其他问题再解决这些难题;对于一些较为复杂的问题,要回到原文当中去寻找文章对所问事物的原始描述; 尝试用你自己的话来描述你心目中的正确答案;较后到题干下看看五个选项,挑选出正确的一个。

     

      当然,在阅读文章的时候,考生也需要遵循以下一些基本的原则:

     

      注意文章开始时关于作者和文章的简短介绍。因为 SAT 考试要求考生能够在考试现场的阅读中理解作者的思维方式和行文套路。因此,考生就应该在阅读文章的一开始就把注意力集中到文章所提供的作者以及文章的简短介绍。通过对上述内容的阅读,掌握文章谋篇布局的依据和作者的写作目的。

     

      不要过多地拘泥于文章的某个细节。每一篇文章中的细节都只是为了说明作者的思考和描述。因此考生在阅读文中细节的时候,应该采用快速阅读的方法。很多考生往往希望能够在考试的短短时间内精准理解文章的所有内容,这无论在理论、还是在现实上都是行不通的,实际上也完全没有必要。

     

      对于文章开始三分之一左右的篇幅要读得仔细一些,因为一些重要的东西往往在这里给出。所谓“重要的东西”指的是文章的主题。 阅读文章一般在开始三分之一左右的篇幅中已经交待了文章的主题;在通常情况下,作者的写作意图以及对于论述主体的态度也昭然若揭。

     

      注意每一段的主题,并在心中自己描述文章的套路结构。段落实质上是文章的基本组成部分。所以,考生在阅读文章的时候,应该注意抓住文章每一段的主题,并描绘出文章大致上的框架结构。考生可以在心中问问自己“这一段的主要观点是什么?”“这一段的内容是如何与上下文衔接的?”“这一段在文章当中起到了什么作用?”等等问题。对这些问题理解得越透彻,考生的解题速度就越快,而且解题的准确程度也会越来越高。

     

      要对文章所讲述的内容及时进行总结。在考生读完全文以后,较好能抽出一点时间,思考文章的套路结构和整体布局,并用自己的语言抽象地概括文章的中心思想。

     

      以上就是关于LSAT阅读题如何练习的内容

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训阅读题范例,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      1. "In some countries, television and radio programs are carefully censored for offensive language and behavior. In other countries, there is little or no censorship."

     

      In your view. To what extent should government or any other group be able to censor television or radio programs? Explain, giving relevant reasons and/or examples to support your position. (技术进步对人类影响)

     

      The extent to which the broadcast media should be censored for offensive language and behavior involves a conflict between our right as individuals to freely express ourselves and the duty of government to protect its citizenry from potential harm. In my view, our societal interest in preventing the harm that exposure to obscenity produces takes precedence over the rights of individuals to broadcast this type of content.

     

      First of all, I believe that exposure to obscene and offensive language and behavior does indeed cause similar behavior on the part of those who are exposed to it. Although we may not have conclusive scientific evidence of a cause-effect relationship, ample anecdotal evidence establishes a significant correlation. Moreover, both common sense and our experiences with children inform us that people tend to mimic the language and behavior they are exposed to.

     

      Secondly, I believe that obscene and offensive behavior is indeed harmful to a society. The harm it produces is, in my view, both palpable and profound. For the individual, it has a debasing impact on vital human relationships; for the society, it promotes a tendency toward immoral and antisocial behavior. Both outcomes, in turn, tear apart the social fabric that holds a society together.

     

      Those who advocate unbridled individual expression might point out that the right of free speech is intrinsic to a democracy and necessary to its survival. Even so, this right is not absolute, nor is it the most critical element. In my assessment, the interests server by restricting obscenity in broadcast media are, on balance, more crucial to the survival of a society. Advocates of free expression might also point out difficulties in defining "obscene" or "offensive" language or behavior. But in my view, however difficult it may be to agree on standards, the effort is worthwhile.

     

      In sum, it is in our best interest as a society for the government to censor broadcast media for obscene and offensive language and behavior Exposure to such media content tends to harm society and its citizenry in ways that are worth preventing, even in light of the resulting infringement of our right of free expression.

     

      以上就是关于LSAT阅读题范例的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训阅读题示例,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      2. "There is only one definition of success-to be able to spend your life in your own way. "

     

      To what extent do you agree or disagree-with this definition of success? Support your position by using reasons and examples from your reading, your own experience, or your observation of others. (少数和多数)

     

      Some people define success simply as the ability to choose how to spend one's life. Under this definition, people who have the freedom to do whatever they want at any time they choose would presumably be the most successful ones, while those who have no such freedom would be the biggest failures. Viewing the definition in this light reveals three serious

     

      problems with it.

     

      The chief problem with this definition of success is that by the definition nearly all people would be regarded as failures. The reason for this is simple. Most people have extremely limited choices in what they can do and when they can do it. In other words, unrestricted freedom of choice is a luxury only a few people-perhaps a handful of tyrannical dictators and ultra-wealthy individuals-can afford.

     

      Secondly, people who have a high degree of freedom in choosing their lifestyle often acquire it through means that would not earn them the accolade of being successful. For example, lottery winners or people who inherit a great deal of money may be able to spend their life in any way they choose, but few people would regard them as successful merely due to their financial fortune.

     

      A third reason why this definition of success is unacceptable is that it repudiates some of our basic intuitions about success. For most people, success is related to achievement. The more you achieve, the more successful you are: conversely, the less you achieve the less successful you are. Defining success in terms of freedom of choice ignores this intuition.

     

      In sum, the proposed definition of success is far too limited, and it belies our intuition about the concept. I think most people would agree with me that success is better defined in terms of the attainment of goals.

     

          以上就是关于LSAT阅读题示例的内容

     

  •  大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训阅读理解题型和答题技巧,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      LSAT 的阅读理解部分包括 4 篇文章,其中每篇文章大约为 400-600 个单词,有 6-8 个问题, 4 篇文章共有 28 个问题。主题广泛,常见的为政治、历史、文化和科学。由于很多主题表述枯燥、内容并不是读者熟悉的领域,所以显得较难。但是应该注意,出题者考察的是考生的阅读能力,而非针对某一专项领域的熟悉程度。而且,出题者也要考虑到应试者现在或将来在法律界执业,阅读材料必须是他们可以理解并领悟的,所以能够不可能出现艰涩的哲学或抽象的数学专题。

     

      阅读文章行文正式、紧凑,一般选自于学术杂志,但都经过改写,去除细枝末节,保留主要结构,把文章长度限定在规定字数内。

     

      1 、主要题型

     

      从试题类型上来看,一般来讲,阅读理解问题的类型有以下几种:

     

      (1)中心思想题型( Main Idea Question )。这类问题主要涉及贯穿全文的主旨,常采取以下方式提问:

     

      “ Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage  "

     

      “ The primary purpose of the passage is to …"

     

       “ In the passage, the author’s primary concern is to discuss …"

     

      如果阅读一遍后对中心思想没有概念,应重新阅读每段的第一句和较后一句。干扰选项一般会夸大或轻描淡写文章主旨。一般来说,强调细节的选项往往不能完整陈述主旨;超出文章范围的选项一般会夸大主旨。

     

      (2)作者态度题型( Tone Question )。这类问题主要涉及作者的态度(正面、负面还是中性)或所持有的观点(给出自己的观点还是客观地陈述了他人的观点),常采用下列方式提问:

     

      “ The tone of the passage can best be described as …”

     

      “ The author views his subject with …”

     

      “ Which of the following best describes the author’s attitude toward …”

     

      如果阅读一遍后对作者态度没有概念,应关注作者使用的形容词。使用意思相同、感情色彩各异的形容词往往就表明了作者对主题的态度和观点。

     

      (3)推论题型( Extension Question )。这类问题主要涉及从文章提供的事实得出相应结论或者作者没有明示的前提,常采用下列方式提问:

     

      “ The passage implies that …"

     

      “ The author uses the phrase to mean …"

     

      “ The passage suggests that …”

     

      “ Which of the following can be inferred from the passage  "

     

      “ It can be inferred from the passage that …"

     

      正确选项必须是文章中没有涉及到的,简单重复原文必定是错误的选项。

     

      (4)逻辑结构题型( Writing Technique Question )。这类问题主要涉及整个文章的组织结构,常采用下列方式提问:

     

      “ The author develops his argument in which of the following ways "

     

      “ The author proceeds primarily by …"

     

      逻辑结构题型中涉及的常见逻辑结构有:

     

      比较和对比关系 。提示性短语有:“ By contrast ”、“ Similarly ”等。

     

      常采取下列方式提问:

     

      “ According to the passage, a central distinction between A and B is: "

     

      “ In which of the following ways does the author imply that A and B are similar  "

     

      因果关系

     

      文中一般会说明一个特定的原因如何导致一个或一系列的结果。例如,如果文中给出“ A → B 、 B → C ”的关系,那么 B 既是 A 的结果、同时也是 C 的原因。

     

      观点和支持性材料间的关系

     

      文中会先提出观点,然后给出支持性材料;或者先给出支持性材料,然后再提出观点。常采取下列方式提问:

     

      “ According to the author, which of the following is required for A to become B  "

     

      “ Which of the following does the author cite as evidence that …  "

     

      (5)细节题型( Detail Question )。这类问题主要涉及文章中已经明确提出的有关细节,常采取下列方式提问:

     

      “ The author mentions which of the following  "

     

      “ According to the passage …"

     

      正确的选项必须是针对文章中已有的陈述,而非没有明示的内容。但请注意:出题者会改写而不是直接引用原文。答题时,应该回到文章中相应段落的相应句子中。为求准确,还应阅读该句前、后的一些语句,掌握上下文背景。

     

      (6)应用题型( Application Question )。这类问题主要涉及将文章中提供的信息应用于新的情况,要求答题者把原文已知内容应用于不同的假设背景中,常采取下列方式提问:

     

      “ With which of the following statements would the author most likely agree "

     

      “ The author would probably consider which of the following a good example of her theory  "

     

      “ Which one of the following actions is the most likely source of the passage "

     

      这类题型难度较大,也是速读和略读较难以把握的题型,因为速读和略读只能抓住文章主题和结构,却不可能把握作者态度的微妙之处。

     

      2 、基本解题技巧

     

      (1)文章并不是按难易程度来排序的,所以在考试开始后,较好先用 1-2 分钟的时间阅读每篇文章的第一句话,根据其难易程度进行排列:内容比较熟悉或感兴趣的文章先做;语言抽象晦涩或者专业性强的后做;如果看不懂文章的前几句话,先放弃这篇文章;问题多的文章可以先做。还要注意:文章长短并不表明其难易。

     

      (2)LSAT 的阅读文章有点像议论文,只是稍长。所以议论文的解题策略也适用于 LSAT 文章,只是稍微有些小的变动。议论文常见的论证模式是:前提—前提—(反证)—结论。 LSAT 文章的论证模式更加复杂,一般为:前提—结论—前提—前提—(反证)—结论重述。议论文的前提一般只有一句话,但是 LSAT 文章的前提通常长达一段。

     

      (3)LSAT 的每篇阅读文章一般有 5-6 个段落,每一个段落有一个中心思想,一般是该段的第一句或较后一句。

     

      (4)一般而言,有“ maybe ”、“ could ”、“ possibly ”、“ might ”等词的答案可能是正确的。带有“ never ”、“ always ”、“ must ”、“ exactly ”、“ impossible ”等能够化单词的答案往往是错误的。

     

      (5)速读和略读的方法并不适用于 LSAT 文章,因为 LSAT 文章结构紧凑,并没有可有可无的内容,细枝末节在改写时已基本删除。

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT考试中如何阅读英文案例,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVING READING SPEED

     

      Improvement of Reading Rate

     

      It is safe to say that almost anyone can double his speed of reading while maintaining equal or even higher comprehension. In other words, anyone can improve the speed with which he gets what he wants from his reading.

     

      The average college student reads between 250 and 350 words per minute on fiction and non-technical materials. A "good" reading speed is around 500 to 700 words per minute, but some people can read a thousand words per minute or even faster on these materials. What makes the difference? There are three main factors involved in improving reading speed: (1) the desire to improve, (2) the willingness to try new techniques and (3) the motivation to practice. :

     

      Learning to read rapidly and well presupposes that you have the necessary vocabulary and comprehension skills. When you have advanced on the reading comprehension materials to a level at which you can understand college-level materials, you will be ready to speed reading practice in earnest.

     

          以上就是关于LSAT阅读考试提高阅读速度的建议的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT考试中如何阅读英文案例,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      在做LSAT阅读部分时,有不少不同的阅读方法,粗粗概括起来,坊间流传的大概主要有五种:

     

      方法一:象平时读普通文章一样,一口气通读到头。

     

      方法二:先看考题问题题干,再读全文。

     

      方法三:一段一段地读。读一段后停下,看问题中有无相关问题,再回文中。

     

      方法四:问题带着阅读走。先基本不看文章,先看问题题干,再去文中快速找答案;只看部分文章,不看全文。

     

      方法五:基本与方法一同,细读全文的1/3,其余部分读各段落的第一句和较后一句。

     

      The Princeton Review的《 Cracking the LSAT》在向它的读者推荐阅读方法时至少经历了两次截然不同的反复:起初它主张方法一,竭力鼓吹在阅读时先获文章big picture的重要性,并极力嘲讽方法二。但是令人嘲讽的是在1999年的版本里,该书作者来了个180(吉利数字,LSAT的满分。呵呵。)度的大转弯,他全力推荐了方法二,即他以前大加鞭挞的方法。

     

      大名鼎鼎的Kaplan 在它的《LSAT》(1999-2000版)中则极力推荐方法五,即先仔仔细细阅读全文的1/3。它的理由是:几乎所有的文章(passage)在其前1/3部分均会引入文章的Topic,Scope; 作者的Main Idea/Primary Purpose,Tone; 以及有关后文中的文章结构的许多暗示。所以仔仔细细地读文章的前1/3部分非常重要。

     

      在LSAT的复习和考试中,哪种方法更好呢?对这一问题的回答也许不得不套用“众说纷纭”这一老词了。下面还是让我们来看看美国人的看法吧,正因为是他们厚颜无耻地发明了LSAT这一鬼东西,才让我们多少人为之喜怒失常,呕心沥血!律师,大学和法学院指导Mark Alan Stewart (UCLA J.D.)是这样评价这四种阅读方法的(他把方法五与方法一合为一类)。

     

      Approach Mode Level of activity

     

      Straight read-through passive low (即方法一,五)

     

      Preview, then read- preview moderate through (方法二)

     

      Work back and forth between passage and interactive high question (方法三)

     

      Question-Driven respond to selected (方法四) questions without very high reading entire passage

     

          以上就是关于LSAT阅读考试的阅读方法介绍的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT考试中如何阅读英文案例,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      第一部分案例通常由下列几个部分组成

     

      一、案例名称(Case Name);例如:Marbury v. Madison (马伯里诉麦迪逊), v is short for versus.是“诉”的意思。

     

      二、判决法院(Court rendering the opinion);例如:New Jersey Supreme Court (新泽西较高法院)。

     

      三、卷宗号;案号(Citation);例如:93 N.J324, 461 A. 2d 138 (1983),这说明该案出自《新西汇编》第93卷,第324页,以及《大西洋汇编》第二辑第138页,该案判决于1983年。此处,A 是Atlantic Reporter的缩写。像这种指明两个或两个以上出处的卷宗号叫作:“平行卷宗号”,其英语表达为“parallel citation”,意思是“An additional reference to a case that has been reported in more than more reporter.”广义上卷宗号包括上述一、案例名称;二、判决法院。

     

      四、主审法官姓名(Justice wrote the opinion)。

     

      五、判决书 (opinion: stating the issue raised, describing the parties and facts, discussing the relevant law, and rendering judgment.)判决书是整个案例的主体部分,其中包括法律争议(Issue)、双方当事人情况、事实经过、判决采用的相关法律以及判决结果。

     

      判决书的阅读过程之中,要注意以下几点:1. 时态主审法官的意见用现在时态;前审法院的意见用过去时态。2. 主审法官的意见是法院意见。3除法院意见外还有两种意见,它们被称为“反对意见”(dissenting opinion or dissent)与“配合意见”(concurring opinion)。Dissenting opinion: opinion offered by a judge disagreeing with the majority panel of judges' conclusion; “反对意见”指不同意大多数法官判决结论之某一法官的意见;Concurring opinion: opinion written by a judge agreeing with the majority's conclusion but not its reasoning. “配合意见”是指同意大多数法官的意见,但是不同意判决结论的推理之某一法官的意见。

     

      六、法庭投票(Votes of the court)例如在七名大法官审理的情况下,有几名法官的意见是“维持原判”(affirmance),有几名法官的意见是“撤销原判、发回重审”(reversal and remandment)。

     

          以上就是关于LSAT考试中如何阅读英文案例的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)

     

      2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)

     

      3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people's needs and wants)

     

      4.stick=adhere, cling(hold on something tightly)

     

      5.neglect=ignore。(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention。)

     

      6.near=adjacent(twothings next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent)

     

      7.pursue=woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek(if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)

     

      8.accurate=precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact(correct in every detail)

     

      9.vague=obscure(unknown or known by only a few people)

     

      10.top=peak, summit

     

      11.competitor=rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics)

     

      12.blame=condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)

     

      13.opinion=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)

     

      14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation

     

      15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish

     

      16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

     

      17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

     

      18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental

     

      19.relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

     

      20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to),compel

     

      21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is)

     

      22.complex=intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

     

      23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)

     

      24.small=minuscule(very small), minute,

     

      25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)

     

      26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)

     

      27.difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)

     

      28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)

     

      29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)

     

      30.show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people。)

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作中的精选替换词的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      31.big=massive(large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal(use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous(INFORMAL)

     

      32.avoid=shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it。)

     

      33.fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something。)

     

      34.attack=assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)

     

      35.dislike=abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe(dislike very much)!

     

      36.ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it。)

     

      39.always=invariably(the same as always, but better than always)

     

      40.forever=perpetual(a perpetual state never changes), immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed)

     

      41.surprise=startle(it means surprise you slightly), astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound)

     

      42.enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

     

      43.quiet=tranquil(calm and peaceful), serene(calm and quiet)

     

      44.expensive=exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be)

     

      45.luxurious=lavish(impressive and very expensive), sumptuous(grand and very expensive)

     

      46.boring=tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

     

      47.respect=esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL)

     

      48.worry=fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it)

     

      49.cold=chilly(unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold)

     

      50.hot=boiling(very hot)

     

      51.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people's safety and health)

     

      52.nowadays=currently

     

      53.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive;

     

      54.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)

     

      55.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of)

     

      56.result=consequence(the results or effects of something)

     

      57.obvious=apparent, manifest

     

      58.basedon=derived fromcan see or notice them very easily)

     

      60.quite=fairly

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作中的精选替换词的内容

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      61.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing)

     

      62.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

     

      63.appear=emerge(come into existence)

     

      64.whole=entire(the whole of something)

     

      65.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot)

     

      66.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct)

     

      67.difficult=formidable

     

      68.change=convert(change into another form)

     

      69.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of something)

     

      70.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

     

      71.ability=capacity, capability(the same as ability)

     

      72.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)

     

      73.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

     

      74.use= utilize (the same as use)

     

      75.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it。)

     

      76.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)

     

      77.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

     

      78.scholarship=fellowship

     

      79.angry=enraged(extremely angry)

     

      80.smelly=malodorous(used to describe an unpleasant smell)

     

      81.ugly=hideous(if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)

     

      82.attractive=appealing(pleasing and attractive), absorbing(something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

     

      83.diverse=miscellaneous(a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)

     

      84.disorder=disarray, chaos

     

      85.crazily=frantically(used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)

     

      86.rapid=meteoric(ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)

     

      87.ordinary=mundane(very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)

     

      88.despite=notwithstanding(FORMAL)

     

      89.best=optimal(used to describe the best level something can achieve)

     

      90.sharp=acute(severe and intense)

     

      91.unbelievable=inconceivable(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen )

     

      92.puzzle=perplex(something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)

     

      93.method=avenue(away of getting something done)

     

      94.famous=distinguished(used to describe people who are successful in their career)

     

      95.ancient=archaic(extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

     

      96.decorate=embellish(embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)

     

      97.possible=feasible(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

     

      98.so=consequently, accordingly

     

      99.rare=infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

     

      100.greedy=rapacious(greedy and selfish)

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作中的精选替换词的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      1. Happiness takes no account of time。

     

      欢乐不觉时光过。

     

      2. Virtue is her own reward。

     

      为善较乐。

     

      3. Small gains bring great wealth。

     

      小益聚大财,薄利成巨富。

     

      4. Suspicion is the poison of true friendship。

     

      猜疑伤害莫逆之交。

     

      5. Speed is the soldier's asset。

     

      兵贵神速。

     

      6. Sweet discourse makes short days and nights。

     

      言语投机恨时短。

     

      7. Soft words butter no parsnips。

     

      画饼充饥。

     

      8. Set a thief to catch a thief。

     

      以毒攻毒。

     

      9. Well fed, wed bred。

     

      衣食足,知荣辱。

     

      10. Laugh at your ills, and save doctors' bills。

     

      生病不忧虑,节省医药费。

     

      11. Sloth is the key of poverty。

     

      惰能致贫。

     

      12. Among the blind the one eyed man is the king。

     

      山中无老虎,猴子称大王。

     

      13. To err is human。

     

      犯错是人之常情。/ 人谁无过。

     

      14. You can't judge a book by its cover。

     

      不能以外表来判断本质。/ 不要以貌取人。

     

      15. Gut no fish till you get them。

     

      勿操之过急

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作习语参考的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      1、Challenge

     

      (1)Challenge sb to do sth 。向…挑战,邀请…比赛

     

      They challenge us to a swimming contest.

     

      (2)to give (accept) a challenge ( 接受 ) 挑战

     

      2、Share

     

      (1)Share 部分,分

     

      Everybody ought to have his proper share.

     

      (2)Share 参与、贡献

     

      I had no share in the mater.

     

      (3)Share (with,between) 分配,共有

     

      They shared the profits between them.

     

      I will share with you in the undertaking.

     

      3、Instead

     

      (1)instead 代替

     

      If you cannot go,let him go instead.

     

      (2)instead of 代替

     

      I will go instead of you.

     

      4、Manage

     

      (1)manage to do 完成,达成

     

      We finally managed to get there in time.

     

      (2)manage with 办事,处现事务

     

      We can‘t manage with these poor tools.

     

      (3)manage on 生活,过活

     

      How will she manage with her husband gone.

     

      5、Afford

     

      (1)afford to do 足以承担

     

      I cannot afford to pay such a high price.

     

      (2)afford 产生

     

      Reading affords pleasure.

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作考试活用词介绍的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      6、Rather  (1)would rather do 宁愿

     

      He said he would rather stay at home.

     

      (2)rather than 宁愿

     

      I had rather dance than eat.

     

      7、Ever  (1)ever 曾经

     

      Have you ever been there?

     

      (2)ever 究竟

     

      Why ever didn’t you go.

     

      (3)ever 如果

     

      If the band(乐队)ever plays again,we will dance.

     

      (4)ever so=very

     

      Thank you ever so much.

     

      8、Available  (1) available 通用的,有效的

     

      The season ticket is available for three months.

     

      (2)available 可用的,可达到的

     

      9、Else  ?)else 此外,别的

     

      Where else did you go?

     

      (2)else 否则,不然

     

      Hurry,else you‘ll be late.

     

      10、Involve  (1)involve 包括

     

      Housekeeping involves cooking, washing dishes, sweeping and cleaning.

     

      (2)involve 使陷于

     

      One foolish mistake can involve you in a good deal of trouble.

     

      (3)involve 使纠缠,使难得

     

      A sentence that is involved is hard to understand.

     

      (4)involve 包围

     

      Clouds involved the hilltop.

     

      OK ,光说不练是不够的,奉上一篇玲珑的小短文,有时间较好背下来,在考场上只要用几个这样的词,一定能起到画龙点睛的作用,升华您的文采!

     

      We are living in a highly challenging world. We are to be always ready to challenging challenge .In so doing; we must be good at sharing what is available to us with somebody else. We must first manage to give rather than to take. In other words, we should not fail to be a responsible member of society. Only in this way can we afford to achieve our goal in life and will not remain good for nothing instead.

     

      Have you ever thought of all this?

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作考试活用词介绍的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      1、用残缺不全的材料来组织你的论文

     

      代诉人会给你一些残缺不全的材料,用它们大概构出一个轮廓,列出你在每一段中要证实的论点。在理论上你必须知道你想证实什么,你又该如果证实它们。

     

      2、不要为你的选择烦恼

     

      没有人想知道你做出了什么样的选择,重要的是你如何来论证你所做出的选择。

     

      3、得出论点

     

      文章中的第一句话必须明确指出你的选择胜过其它的。假设读者已非常熟悉这些情景,没有必要再浪费时间去描叙这些场景和你所选择的事物。

     

      4、用较明了简单的格式

     

      论文的推理必须是清楚一致的,你的论文越有组织性就越能说服别人。

     

      5、略微提及败者的长处和胜者的弱点

     

      意识到可能出现的相反观点,并反击一下,会使你的观点更为有力。

     

      6、不要简单的重复已准备好的事实

     

      试着提供一些事实的说明解释以明确指定的标准。

     

      7、将文章写好

     

      听起来很简单但尽力使你的文章清楚,有条理而且要简单易懂,没有什么比难懂更让读者反感的。

     

      8、计划好你的时间

     

      你较好用5-10分钟读题目,明确目的并写出提问,然后用20分钟来写文章,一定要留出足够的时间,记住阅卷的人只看2-3段,较后留出3-5分钟检查你的拼写和语法正确与否。

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作的基本原则的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      能力,强,权力

     

      Enable, facilitate, empower, entitle, enhance,

     

      Strengthen, reinforce, sustain, countenance, consolidate,

     

      Able, be capable of doing , competent, potent, omnipotent, puissant, resourceful

     

      Ability, capability, capacity, skill, forte,competence, faculty

     

      Intelligence, aptitude, flair, talent

     

      Clever, bright, talented, astute, wisdom, wise, smart, acumen,

     

      Hegemony, puissance, resource, power, energy, authority, influence, impact,

     

      supremacy, potency, strength, force, vigor;

     

      大

     

      Aggrandize, amplify, augment, broaden, widen, extend, enlarge, magnify, enlarge,

     

      Exaggerate, overstate, overstress, overemphasize,

     

      多,增加

     

      Enrich, increase, add to, abound, fill, fill up, replenish, stock up, add, put

     

      in, raise,

     

      Accrue, mount up, augment, accumulate, rise

     

      Abundant, plentiful, more than enough, profuse, copious, rich, wealthy,

     

      generous, numerous, in great numbers;

     

      sufficient, enough, adequate, ample, as much as necessary,

     

      Increment, accretion, growth, augmentation,

     

      高

     

      Raise, lift up, improve, enhance, elevate, escalate, heave, heighten, hoist,

     

      Rise, increase, ascend, mount, go up, climb scale, jack up, skyrocket, surge,

     

      upsurge

     

      High, tall, in height, lofty, towering, lanky;

     

      Height, stature, elevation, altitude

     

      有助

     

      Help, assist, aid, subsidize, help to, conduce to,, contribute to, function to,

     

      be of assistance, lend a hand, facilitate, enhance,

     

      Helper, aide, assistant, accessory, ancillary, accomplice, auspices,

     

      支持

     

      Support, bolster, boost, brace, buttress, espouse, proponent, underpin, embrace,

     

      exponent,

     

      快

     

      Accelerate, hasten, speed up, quicken up, expedite

     

      Run, scurry, scuttle, scamper, prance, gallop, sprint, scud, Dart, fleet, rush,

     

      Fast, quick, rapid, swift, expeditious, speedy, fleeting, brisk

     

      Speed, swiftness, pace, velocity, rapidity, tempo, rate, quickness, promptness,

     

      有效,起作用

     

      Effective, efficient, effectual, successful, useful, helpful, functional,

     

      applicable, operative, working, active, functioning, in operation, in use,

     

      Available, serviceable,

     

      Impact, influence,

     

      自由,解脱

     

      Release, free, set free, set off, liberate, unshackle, unfetter, emancipate,

     

      manumit, disentangle, untangle, extricate, unravel,

     

      变

     

      Change, alter, modify, vary, turn, become, adjust, amend, transform, distort,

     

      modulate, transmute, shift, transfigure,

     

      Fluctuate, move, revolutionize, alternate, shift

     

      Diversified, volatile, fickle, mercurial, protean, erratic, eccentric,

     

      irregular, inconsistent,

     

      Changeable, unsettled, variable, malleable, mutable,

     

      Change, alteration, variation, modification, transition, renovation,

     

      recondition, mutation;

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作词脉参考的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      弱

     

      Weaken, enervate, vitiate, sap, impair, emaciate, attenuate, dilute

     

      Wane, sag, fade, flag, deteriorate, exacerbate, wither, blight, dry up, wilt,

     

      sere, sear, shrink, shrivel,

     

      Weak, feeble, effete, wan, frail, lacking in strength, impotent, feeble,

     

      lethargic

     

      Infirmity, weakness, decadence, decadent,

     

      减少,降低

     

      Lower, reduce, decrease, drop off, abate, decline, dwarf, dwindle, rarefy,

     

      curtail, shorten, abridge, truncate, dock, decline, slump, eclipse, subside,

     

      shrink, ebb,

     

      Diminish, lessen, debase, dilute, moderate, die down, grow less intense, cut

     

      down, ebb, cut back,

     

      慢

     

      Decelerate, slow, slow down, retard, hold back,

     

      Slow, sluggish,

     

      Postpone, put off, delay, defer, procrastinate, adjourn,

     

      Dilatory, tardy, slack, sluggish,

     

      平息

     

      reconcile, comfort, placate, conciliate, reassure,allay, calm, console, soothe,

     

      pacify, assuage, mitigate, palliate, salve, temper,

     

      palliation, reconciliation,

     

      禁止,限制

     

      Prohibit, proscribe, forbid, ban, restrain, interdict, overrule, veto, stop from

     

      Limit, restrict, confine, blockade, fetter, shackle, circumscribe

     

      Prohibited, forbidden, banned, illegal, outlawed, proscribed, taboo;

     

      Durance, taboo,

     

      控制, 抑制

     

      Control, wield, hold, steer, helm, maneuver, manipulate, dominate, regulate,

     

      rein in, direct, rule, govern, reign, regiment

     

      Curb, bridle, yoke, restrain inhibit smolder, suffocate, refrain from

     

      阻碍

     

      Hinder, hamper, check, stunt, impede, block, obstruct, retard, interrupt, hold

     

      back, prevent from, forestall, keep from, deter from, discountenance, lumber,

     

      thwart, stem, stymie, frustrate, stump, stem,

     

      Entangle, enmesh, ensnare, entrap,

     

      Barrier, obstacle, obstruction, impediment, setback, hindrance, hurdle,

     

      blockade, blockage,

     

      morass, predicament, plight, straits, quandary,

     

      strait,

     

      预防

     

      Forestall, proselytize, preclude, prevent,

     

      干预

     

      Interfere, intervene, intercede, meddle, annoy, vex, nettle, perturb, disturb,

     

      discomfit, molest, pester, bother, annoy, harass, intrude,

     

      Mediate,

     

      Inroad, raid, assail, assault, attack, trespass, infringe, attack, foray,

     

      intrude, encroach,

     

      Turbulence, disturbance

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作词脉参考的内容

     

  • 大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面紫禁培训网为大家分享LSAT培训写作部分的介绍,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

      写作时应注意的问题:

     

      写作部分时间为 30 分种,其内容是,就给定的题目中的两种观点选择一个,并加以阐述。

     

      写作部分不计人总分,只作为参考。

     

      写作时应注意以下问题:

     

      (]) 选择一种观点。在两种观点 中选定一种, 围绕这种观点展开论述。

     

      (2) 阐述观点时,既要陈述支持所选择观点的理由,也要陈述反对另一种观点的理由。在两方面的对比申说明该选择的观点正确。

     

      (3) 文章应包括五个段落。第一段说明两者之中选择其一, 中间三段阐述选择的理由 ,较后一段作出结论。

     

      (4) 写作应自然流畅 ,观点要明确 ,不要使用简写或缩写词。

     

      二、写作练习

     

      Valerie, a first-year graduate student in mathematics, needs a part-time job, and competition for jobs in the small town where her university is located is keen. With the following considerations in mind, write an argument supporting one of Valerie's two job offers over the other:

     

      Valerie wants the income from her job to minimize the money she must borrow for living expenses.

     

      Valerie wants the job to interfere with her graduate program as little as possible.

     

          以上就是关于LSAT写作部分的介绍的内容

     

  •   大家都知道想进入美国的法学院就读并不是一件容易的事情,必须参加法学院入学考试LSAT,而这项考试并不是那么容易,每一门都需要投入时间和精力。下面小编为大家分享LSAT培训逻辑推理题解题之循环论证,祝大家考出好成绩。

     

     

      a recent study found that snoring, though not common in either group, is more common among smokers than among nonsmokers. on the basis of this evidence, the author hypothesized that smoking by itself can induce snoring.

     

      which one of the following, if true casts the most doubt on the author's hypothesis?

     

      (a) stress induces both snoring and smoking in certain individuals.

     

      (b) obesity induces many individuals to smoke

     

      (c) most snorers do not smoke

     

      (d) most smokers do not snore.

     

      (e) both smoking and snoring cause throat problems.

     

      answer: a why not d?

     

      正如siebel所讲,这是一个关于相对值的题目,和能够值无关.a是典型答案,其它答案还有:不是snoring导致smoking.

     

      吸烟问题是一个典型的逻辑陷阱:ab同时伴生,a 一定是b的原因吗?较有力的驳斥是c 导致a b

     

      大多数的吸烟人不打呼噜不能说明吸烟不会造成人打呼噜。一个是效果,一个是原因。好比大多数吸烟人没有得肺病不能证明吸烟不会导致肺病。

     

          以上就是关于LSAT逻辑推理题之相对值题示例的内容

     

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