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小学英语

  • 宾格 me us you you her/him/it them

      代词所有格 my our your your her/his/its their

      名词性代词 mine ours yours yours hers/his/its theirs

      be动词现在时 Am are are are is are

      be动词过去时 was were were were was were

      2)名词的复数

      规则变化的名词复数形式

      规则1 一般情况+s e.g. shell shells toy toys

      规则2 以s, x, ch, sh结尾+es e.g. fox foxes church churches

      规则3 以o结尾+s或+es e.g. radio radios potato potatoes

      规则4 以f, fe结尾的,变f, fe为ves e.g. life lives half halves

      规则5 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. sky skies study studies

      3)动词的第三人称单数形式

      规则1 一般情况+s e.g. like-likes, look-looks

      规则2 以s, x, ch, sh和o结尾+es e.g. do-does, catch-catches

      规则3 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变y为i+es e.g. carry-carries, fly-flies

      4)动词现在分词

      规则1 一般动词加-ing e.g. look-looking, read-reading, play-playing

      规则2 以不发音的字母结尾的单词去e加-ing e.g. make-making, take-taking, arrive-arriving

      规则3 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ing e. g. run-running, sit-sitting, get-getting, swim-swimming, stop-stopping

      5)动词过去式

      规则动词变化

      规则1 一般动词加-ed e.g. look-looked, watch-watched, play-played

      规则2 以e结尾的加-d e.g. make-maked, arrive-arrived

      规则3 以辅音字母y结尾的变y为i加-ed cry-cried, carry-carried

      规则4 重读闭音节词结尾, 即单词中只有一个元音字母,其后紧跟一个辅音字母的词,双写辅音字母再加-ed stop-stopped

      过去式的读音

      在清辅音后面读/t/ e.g. walked, jumped

      在浊辅音和元音后读/d/ e.g. washed, watched

      在/t/,/d/后读/id/ e.g. waited, hated

      6)形容词和副词的比较级和最高级

      比较级

      规则1 一般加-er e.g. high-higher

      规则2 以e结尾加-r nice-nicer

      规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-er busy-busier

      规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加-er fat-fatter

      最高级

      规则1 一般加-est e.g. high-highest

      规则2 以e结尾加-st nice-nicest

      规则3 以辅音字母加y结尾,变y为i再加-est busy-busiest

      规则4 重读闭音节结尾, 双写辅音字母再加--est fat-fattest

      7)常见缩写:

      is= s I am=I m are= re

      is not=isn t /iznt/ are not=aren t /a:nt/

      do not=don t

      does not=doesn t

      was= s

      did not=didn t

      can not=can t

      have= ve

      has= s

      have not=haven t

      has not=hasn t

      will= ll

      will not=won t

      shall not=shan t

     

    1. be动词:主语+be+其它。如:I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

      注意:

      2.行为动词:主语+行为动词。如:We study English.我们学习英语。

      注意:时,要在动词后加 -s 或 -es 。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。)

     

  • 按使用目的可分为陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。

      1) 陈述句:说明一个事实或陈述一种看法。

      Light travels faster than sound. 光比声速度快。

      The film is rather boring. 这部电影很乏味。

      2) 疑问句:提出问题。有以下四种:

      a. 一般疑问句:

      Can you finish the work in time?

      你能按时完成工作吗?

      b. 特殊疑问句:

      Where do you live? 你住那儿?

      How do you know that? 你怎么知道那件事?

      c. 选择疑问句:

      Do you want tea or coffee?

      你是要茶还是要咖啡?

      d. 反意疑问句:

      He doesn t know her, does he?

      他不认识她,对不对?

      3) 祈使句:提出请求,建议或发出命令,例如:

      Sit down, please. 请坐。

      Don t be nervous! 别紧张!

      4) 感叹句:表示说话人惊奇、喜悦、愤怒等情绪,例如:

      What good news it is! 多好的消息啊!

      句子按其结构可以分为以下三类:

      1) 简单句:只包含一个主谓结构句子叫简单句,例如:

      She is fond of collecting stamps. 她喜欢集邮。

      2) 并列句:包含两个或两个以上主谓结构的句子叫并列句,句与句之间通常用并列连词或分号来连接,例如:

      The food was good, but he had little appetite.

      食物很精美,但他却没什么胃口。

      3) 复合句:包含一个主句从句和一个或几个从句的句子叫复合句,从句由从属连词引导,例如:

      The film had begun when we got to the cinema.

      主句 从句

      我们到达电影院的时候,电影已经开演了。

      基本句型:英语中千变万化的句子归根结底都是由以下五种基本句型组合、扩展、变化而来的:

      1)主 + 动例如:

      I work. 我工作。

      2)主 + 动 + 表例如:

      John is busy. 约翰忙。

      3)主 + 动 + 宾例如:

      She studies English. 她学英语。

      4)主 + 动 + 宾 + 补例如:

      Time would prove me right. 时间会证明我是对的。

      5)主 + 动 + 间宾 + 直宾例如:

      My mother made me a new dress. 我母亲给我做了一件新衣裳。

      13.1 祈使句结构

      祈使句用以表达命令,要求,请求,劝告等。

      1) 祈使句有两种类型,一种是以动词原形开头,在动词原形之前加do 。

      Take this seat.

      Do be careful.

      否定结构:

      Don t move.

      Don t be late.

      2) 第二种祈使句以let开头。

      Let 的反意疑问句

      a. Let s 包括说话者

      Let s have another try,shall we / shan t we?

      = Shall we have another try?

      b. Let us 不包括说话者

      Let us have another try,will you / won t you?

      = Will you please let us have another try?

      否定结构:

      Let s not talk of that matter.

      Let us not talk of that matter.

      13.2 感叹句结构

      感叹句通常有what, how引导,表示赞美、惊叹、喜 悦、等感情。

      what修饰名词,how 修饰形容词,副词或动词,感叹句结构主要有以下几种:

      掌握它的搭配,即掌握了感叹句的重点。

      How +形容词+ a +名词+ 陈述语序

      How+形容词或副词+ 陈述语序

      What +名词+ 陈述语序

      What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述语序

      What+ 形容词+复数名词+ 陈述语序

      What+ 形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序

      How clever a boy he is!

      How lovely the baby is!

      What noise they are making!

      What a clever boy he is!

      What wonderful ideas !

      What cold weather it is!

      感叹句的省略形式为:

      What a clever boy !

      典型例题

      1)___ food you ve cooked!

      A. How a nice B. What a nice C. How nice D. What nice

      答案D. 由于How 修饰形容词,副词;what修饰名词。且food为不可数名词,因此A,B 排除。C How + adj. 后面不能再加名词,因此只有D正确,其句型为What + adj. +n.

      2)___terrible weather we ve been having these days!

      A. What B. What a C. How D. How a

      答案A. weather为不可数名词,B,D排除。C为how + adj. 后面不应有名词。只有A,符合句型What +形容词+不可数名词。

      3) --- _____ I had!

      --- You really suffered a lot.

      A. What a time B. What time C. How a time D. how time

      答案A. 感叹句分两类:

      1:What + n.+主谓部分

      2:How + adj. / adv. / v.+主谓部分。本题属第一种,但省略了bad,相对于 What a bad time I had! 这是个习惯用语。

      13.3 强调句结构

      常考的强调句结构是it 引导的句子。

      It is 被强调部分+ that + 句子其他部分。

      此结构强调的成分仅限于主语,宾语和状语。

      It is from the sun that we get light and heat.

      It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the true state of affairs.

      典型例题

      1) It was last night ___ I see the comet.

      A. the time B. when C. that D. which

      答案C. 强调句的结构是: It +be +强调部分 + that + 主谓句。 强调句的连词只有两个,that和who。当强调的部分是人,且为句子的主语时,才用 who ,其余用that。

      原句: My father did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

      强调主语: It was my father who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.

      强调宾语: It was the experiment that my father did in the lab yesterday evening.

      强调时间: It was yesterday evening that my father did the experiment in the lab.

      强调地点: It was in the lab that my father did the experiment yesterday evening.

      2)It is ten years ___ Miss Green returned to Canada.

      A. that B. when C. since D. as

      答案C. 考点是连词用法。 本题易误选为A. that. 其实本句不是强调句。若是,去掉It be that还应是一个完整的句子。而本句去掉 It is that ,只剩下ten years Miss Green returned to Canada. 不成句。因此本句不是强调句。

      It is /was +时间+ since 其中is --- has been was --- had been.

      13.4 用助动词进行强调

      强调句还有一种类型,就是用助动词do 强调谓语。

      She does like this horse. 她的确喜欢这匹马。

      Please do take care of yourself. 千万保重。

      13.5 反意疑问句

      1) 陈述部分的主语是I,疑问部分要用 aren t I.

      I m as tall as your sister,aren t I?

      2) 陈述部分的谓语是wish,疑问部分要用may +主语。

      I wish to have a word with you, may I?

      3) 陈述部分用 no, nothing, nobody, never, few, seldom, hardly, rarely, little等否定含义的词时,疑问部分用肯定含义。

      The Swede made no answer, did he / she?

      Some plants never blown , do they ?

      4) 含有ought to 的反意疑问句,陈述部分是肯定的,疑问部分用shouldn t / oughtn t +主语。

      He ought to know what to do, oughtn t he? / shouldn t he?

      5) 陈述部分有have to +v. ,疑问部分常用don t +主语。

      We have to get there at eight tomorrow, don t we?

      6) 陈述部分的谓语是used to 时,疑问部分用didn t +主语或 usedn t +主语。

      He used to take pictures there, didn t he? / usedn t he?

      7) 陈述部分有had better + v. 疑问句部分用hadn t you?

      You d better read it by yourself, hadn t you?

      8) 陈述部分有would rather +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn t +主语。

      He would rather read it ten times than recite it, wouldn t he?

      9) 陈述部分有You d like to +v. 疑问部分用wouldn t +主语。

      You d like to go with me, wouldn t you?

      10) 陈述部分有must 的疑问句,疑问部分根据实际情况而定。

      He must be a doctor, isn t he?

      You must have studied English for three years, haven t you? / didn t you?

      He must have finished it yesterday, didn t he?

      11) 感叹句中,疑问部分用be +主语。

      What colours, aren t they?

      What a smell, isn t it?

      12) 陈述部分由neither nor, either or 连接的并列主语时,疑问部分根据其实际逻辑意义而定。

      Neither you nor I am engineer, are we?

      13) 陈述部分主语是指示代词或不定代词everything, that, nothing, this, 疑问部分主语用it。

      Everything is ready, isn t it?

      14) 陈述部分为主语从句或并列复合句,疑问部分有三种情况:

      a. 并列复合句疑问部分,谓语动词根据邻近从句的谓语而定。

      Mr. Smith had been to Beijing for several times, he should have been in China now, shouldn t he?

      b. 带有定语从句,宾语从句的主从复合句,疑问部分谓语根据主句的谓语而定:

      He is not the man who gave us a talk, is he?

      He said he wanted to visit Japan, didn t he?

      c. 上述部分主句谓语是think, believe, expect, suppose, imagine等引导的定语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。

      I don t think he is bright, is he?

      We believe she can do it better, can t she?

      15) 陈述部分主语是不定代词everybody, anyone, somebody, nobody, no one等,疑问部分常用复数they,有时也用单数he。

      Everyone knows the answer, don t they?

      Nobody knows about it, do they?

      16) 带情态动词dare或need的反意疑问句,疑问部分常用 need +主语。

      We need not do it again, need we ?

      He dare not say so, dare you?

      当dare, need 为实义动词时,疑问部分用助动词do + 主语。

      She doesn t dare to go home alone, does she?

      17) 省去主语的祈使句的反意疑问句,疑问部分用will you。

      Don t do that again, will you?

      Go with me, will you / won t you ?

      注意: Let s 开头的祈使句,后用shall we?

      Let us 开头的祈使句,后用will you?

      Let s go and listen to the music, shall we?

      Let us wait for you in the reading-room, will you ?

      18) 陈述部分是 there be 结构的,疑问部分用there省略主语代词。

      There is something wrong with your watch, isn t there?

      There will not be any trouble, will there?

      19) 否定前缀不能视为否定词,其反意疑问句仍用否定形式。

      It is impossible, isn t it?

      He is not unkind to his classmates, is he?

      20) must在表 推测 时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。

      He must be there now, isn t he?

      It must be going to rain tomorrow, won t it?

      快速记忆表

      陈述部分的谓语 疑问部分

      I aren t I

      Wish may +主语

      no,nothing,nobody,never,

      few, seldom, hardly, 肯定含义

      rarely, little等否定

      含义的词

      ought to shouldn t/ oughtn t +主语

      have to+v. don t +主语

      used to didn t +主语或 usedn t +主语

      had better + v. hadn t you

      would rather + v. wouldn t +主语

      you d like to + v. wouldn t +主语

      must 根据实际情况而定

      感叹句中 be +主语

      Neither nor,

      either or 连接的根 据其实际逻辑意义而定

      并列主语

      指示代词或不定代词

      everything,that, 主语用it

      nothing,this

      并列复合句 谓语根据邻近从句的谓语而定

      定语从句,宾语从句的

      主从复合句 根据主句的谓语而定

      think,believe,expect,

      suppose,imagine等引导 与宾语从句相对应的从句

      everybody,anyone,

      somebody,nobody,no one 复数they, 单数he

      情态动词dare或need need +主语

      dare, need 为实义动词 do +主语

      省去主语的祈使句 will you?

      Let s 开头的祈使句 Shall we?

      Let us 开头的祈使句 Will you?

      there be 相应的谓语动词+there

      否定前缀不能视为否定词 仍用否定形式

      must表 推测 根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句

     

  • 一般过去时现在完成时主要用于:

      1 、表示到现在为止这一时期中发生的动作或情况,即多次动作的总和。

      e.g. We have learnt four English songs this month.

      How many times have you read the novel?

      For many days we haven`t seen each other.

      2 、表示对现在有影响的某一已发生的动作。

      e.g. The delegation has left 代表团已经走了

      Look, what you have done. 看你干的事。

      与这一时态连用的时间状语有:

      already, yet, just, ever, never, by now, so far, recently, by the end of this month, since, for 短语,连词 since 引导的时间状语从句。

      一般过去时与现在完成时的区别:

      一般过去时:重在说明动作在过去发生时的具体情况。

      现在完成时:只提起已发生的动作及其影响,不说明动作发生时的具体情况。

      cf. Have you had your lunch?

      What did you have for lunch?

      I have ever been to the Great Wall,_and_I went there last summer with my father.

      注:现在完成时表达的动作常具有反复性,故下面一句是错的:

      Have you seen the six thirty`s news program?

      应改为:

      Did you see the six thirty`s news program?

     

  • 1 现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。

      2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为be+动词ing.

      如:Tom is reading books in his study .

      3.现在进行时的否定句在be后加not。

      如:Tom is reading books in his study .

      Tom is not reading books in his study .

      4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

      如:Tom is reading books in his study .

      Is Tom reading books in his study ?

      5.现在进行时的特殊疑问的基本结构为:疑问词+一般疑问句?

      如:Tom is reading books in his study . Tom is reading books in his study .

      Is Tom reading books in his study ? Is Tom reading books in his study ?

      What is Tom doing in his study? Where is Tom reading books?

     

  • 语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。

      主语是动作的发出者为主动语态;主语是动作的接受者为被动语态。

      1)若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式,变为被动语态 时,该不定式前要加 to 。此类动词为感官动词。

      feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, mak英语e, observe, see, notice, watch

      The teacher made me go out of the classroom.

      -- I was made to go out of the classroom .

      We saw him play football on the playground.

      -- He was seen to play football on the playground.

      2)情态动词+ be +过去分词,构成被动语态。

      Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry.

            1 let 的用法

      1)当let后只有一个单音节动词,变被动语态时,可用不带to 的不定式。

      They let the strange go.--- The strange was let go.

      2) 若let 后宾补较长时,let 通常不用被动语态,而用allow或permit 代替。

      The nurse let me go to see my classmate in the hospital.

      ---- I was allowed / permitted to see my classmate in the hospital.

         2 短语动词的被动语态

      短语动词是一个整体,不可丢掉后面的介词或副词。

      This is a photo of the power station that has been set up in my hometown.

      My sister will be taken care of by Grandma.

      Such a thing has never been heard of before..

      3 表示 据说 或 相信 的词组

      believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand

      It is said that 据说

      It is reported that 据报道

      It is believed that 大家相信

      It is hoped that 大家希望

      It is well known that 众所周知

      It is thought that 大家认为

      It is suggested that 据建议

      It is taken granted that 被视为当然

      It has been decided that 大家决定

      It must be remember that 务必记住的是

      It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday.

      4 不用被动语态的情况

      1) 不及物动词或动词短语无被动语态:

      appear, die disappear, end , fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread, stand

      break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place.

      After the fire, very little remained of my house.

      比较: rise, fall, happen是不及物动词;raise, seat是及物动词。

      The price has been risen.

      The price has risen.

      The accident was happened last week.

      The accident happened last week.

      The price has raised.

      The price has been raised.

      Please seat.

      Please be seated.

      要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。

      2) 不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语:

      fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk into, belong to

      This key just fits the lock.

      Your story agrees with what had already been heard.

      3) 系动词无被动语态:

      appear, be become, fall, feel, get, grow, keep, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn

      It sounds good.

      4) 带同源宾语的及物动词,反身代词,相互代词,不能用于被动语态:

      die, death, dream, live, life

      She dreamed a bad dream last night.

      5) 当宾语是不定式时,很少用于被动语态。

      She likes to swim.

      To swim is liked by her.

      5 主动形式表示被动意义

      1)wash, clean, cook, iron, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell, drive

      The book sells well. 这本书销路好。

      This knife cuts easily. 这刀子很好用。

      2)blame, let, remain, keep, rent, build

      I was to blame for the accident.

      Much work remains.

      3) 在need, require, want, worth , deserve后的动名词必须用主动形式。

      The door needs repairing.= The door needs to be repaired.

      This room needs cleaning. 这房间应该打扫一下。

      This book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

      4) 特殊结构:make sb. heard / understood ,have sth. done 。

      6 被动形式表示主动意义

      be determined, be pleased, be graduated , be finished, be prepared , be occupied , get marries

      He is graduated from a famous university.

      他毕业于一所有名的大学。

      注意: 表示同某人结婚,用marry sb. 或get married to sb. 都可。

      He married a rich girl.

      He got married to a rich girl.

       7 need/want/require/worth

      注意:当 need, want, require, worth后面接doing也可以表示被动。

      Your hair wants cutting. 你的头发该理了。

      The floor requires washing. 地板需要冲洗。

      The book is worth reading. 这本书值得一读。

      典型例题

      The library needs___, but it ll have to wait until Sunday.

      A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned

      答案A. need +n /to do,need + do,当为被动语态时,还可need + doing. 本题考最后一种用法,选A。如有to be clean 则也为正确答案。

      典:done, 不可能已经 。must not do 不可以。

     

  • 1 倒装句之全部倒装

      全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有:

      1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。

      There goes the bell.

      Then came the chairman.

      Here is your letter.

      2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。

      Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

      Ahead sat an old woman.

      注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。

      Here he comes. Away they went.

      2 倒装句之部分倒装

      部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

      1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until 等。

      Never have I seen such a performance.

      Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

      Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

      当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

      注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。

      I have never seen such a performance.

      The mother didn t leave the room until the child fell asleep.

      典型例题

      1) Why can t I smoke here?

      At no time___ in the meeting-room

      A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted

      C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit

      答案A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时,其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.

      2) Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is.

      A. man did know B. man know C. didn t man know D. did man know

      答案D. 看到Not until 的句型,我们知道为一倒装句,答案在C,D 中选一个。

      改写为正常语序为,Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将not提前,后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就变了。

           3 以否定词开头作部分倒装

      如 Not only but also, Hardly/Scarcely when, No sooner than

      Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.

      Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.

      No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

      典型例题

      No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily.

      A. the game began B. has the game begun

      C. did the game begin D. had the game begun

      答案D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时,一般采用倒装句。这类表示否定意义的词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及not only but , no sooner than, hardly when scarcely when 等等。

      注意:只有当Not only but also连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的Not only but also仅连接两个并列词语,不可用倒装结构。

      Not only you but also I am fond of music.

         4 so, neither, nor作部分倒装

      表示 也 、 也不 的句子要部分倒装。

      Tom can speak French. So can Jack.

      If you won t go, neither will I.

      典型例题

      ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?

      ---I don t know, _____.

      A. nor don t I care B. nor do I care C. I don t care neither D. I don t care also

      答案:B. nor为增补意思 也不关心 ,因此句子应倒装。A错在用 don t 再次否定, C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏连词。

      注意: 当so引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。意为 的确如此 。

      Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.

      ---It s raining hard. ---So it is.

            5 only在句首要倒装的情况

      Only in this way, can you learn English well.

      Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.

      如果句子为主从复合句,则主句倒装,从句不倒装

      Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed.

            6 as, though 引导的倒装句

      as / though引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前 。

      注意:

      1) 句首名词不能带任何冠词。

      2) 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语, 随实义动词一起放在主语之前。

      Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

      注意:

      让步状语从句中,有though,although时,后面的主句不能有but,但是 though 和yet可连用。

      7 其他部分倒装

      1) so that 句型中的so 位于句首时,需倒装。

      So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.

      2) 在某些表示祝愿的句型中:

      May you all be happy.

      3) 在虚拟语气条件句中从句谓语动词有were, had, should等词,可将if 省略,把 were, had, should 移到主语之前,采取部分倒装。

      Were I you, I would try it again.

      典型例题:

      1) Not until the early years of the 19th century___ what heat is

      A. man did know B. man knew C. didn t man know D. did man know

      答案为D. 否定词Not在句首,要求用部分倒装的句子结构。

      2) Not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.

      A. didn t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn t realize D. I realize

      答案为B。

      3) Do you know Tom bought a new car?

      I don t know, ___.

      A. nor don t I care B. nor do I care

      C. I don t care neither D. I don t care also

      解析:答案为B. 句中的nor引出部分倒装结构,表示 也不 。由 so, neither, nor引导的倒装句,表示前一情况的重复出现。其中, so用于肯定句, 而 neither, nor 用在否定句中。
     

     

  • 1  比较过去时与现在完成时

      1)过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响。

      2)过去时常与具体的时间状语连用,而现在完成时通常与模糊的时间状语连用,或无时间状语。

      一般过去时的时间状语:

      yesterday, last week, ago, in1980, in October, just now, 具体的时间状语

      共同的时间状语:

      this morning, tonight,this April, now, once,before, already, recently,lately

      现在完成时的时间状语

      for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till / until, up to now, in past years, always,

      不确定的时间状语

      3)现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.

      过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。

      举例:

      I saw this film yesterday.

      I have seen this film.

      Why did you get up so early?

      Who hasn t handed in his paper?

      She has returned from Paris.

      她已从巴黎回来了。

      She returned yesterday.

      她是昨天回来了。

      He has been in the League for three years.

      He has been a League member for three years.

      He joined the League three years ago.

      I have finished my homework now.

      ---Will somebody go and get Dr. White?

      ---He s already been sent for.

      句子中如有过去时的时间副词时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。

      Tom has written a letter to his parents last night.

      Tom wrote a letter to his parents last night.

      2  用于现在完成时的句型

      1)It is the first / second time . that 结构中的从句部分,用现在完成时。

      It is the first time that I have visited the city.

      It was the third time that the boy had been late.

      2)This is the that 结构,that 从句要用现在完成时.

      This is the best film that I ve seen.

      这是我看过的最好的电影。

      This is the first time I ve heard him sing. 这是我第一次听他唱歌。

      典型例题

      ---Do you know our town at all?

      ---No, this is the first time I ___ here.

      A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming

      答案B. This is the first time 后面所加从句应为现在完成时,故选B。

      ---Have you ____ been to our town before?

      ---No, it s the first time I ___ here.

      A. even, come B. even, have come C. ever, come D. ever, have come

      答案D. ever意为曾经或无论何时,反意词为never,此两词常用于完成时。 This is the largest fish I have ever seen. It is / was the first time +that-clause 的句型中,从句要用完成时。

      注意:非延续性动词的否定形式可以与表示延续时间的状语连用。即动作不发生的状态是可以持续的。

      I have received his letter for a month.

      I haven t received his letter for almost a month.

      小升初英语语法复习-动词时态2

      发表时间:2009-1-22 17:13:25 点击次数:24096次 转载

      3  比较since和for

      Since 用来说明动作起始时间,for用来说明动作延续时间长度。

      I have lived here for more than twenty years.

      I have lived here since I was born..

      My aunt has worked in a clinic since 1949.

      Some new oilfields have been opened up since 1976.

      I have known Xiao Li since she was a little girl.

      My brother has been in the Youth League for two years.

      I have not heard from my uncle for a long time.

      注意:并非有for 作为时间状语的句子都用现在完成时。

      I worked here for more than twenty years.

      I have worked here for many years.

      小窍门: 当现在完成时+一段时间,这一结构中,我们用下面的公式转化,很容易就能排除非延续动词在完成时中的误使。

      1) Tom has studied Russian for three years.

      = Tom began to study Russian three years ago, and is still studying it now.

      2) Harry has got married for six years.

      = Harry began to get married six years ago, and is still getting married now.

      显然,第二句不对,它应改为 Harry got married six years ago. 或 Harry has been married for six years.

         4  since的四种用法

      1) since +过去一个时间点 。

      I have been here since 1989.

      2) since +一段时间+ ago

      I have been here since five months ago.

      3) since +从句

      Great changes have taken place since you left.

      Considerable time has elapsed since we have been here.

      4) It is +一段时间+ since从句

      It is two years since I became a postgraduate student.

      5 延续动词与瞬间动词

      1) 用于完成时的区别

      延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结 果,不能与表示段的时间状语连用。

      He has completed the work. 他已完成了那项工作。

      I ve known him since then. 我从那时起就认识他了。

      2) 用于till / until从句的差异

      延续动词用于肯定句,表示 做 直到 瞬间动词用于否定句,表示 到 ,才

      He didn t come back until ten o clock.

      他到10 点才回来。

      He slept until ten o clock.

      他一直睡到10点。

      典型例题

      1. You don t need to describe her. I ___ her several times.

      A. had met B. have met C. met D. meet

      答案B. 首先本题后句强调对现在的影响,我知道她的模样,你不用描述。再次,several times告知为反复发生的动作,因此用现在完成时。

      2.---I m sorry to keep you waiting.

      ---Oh, not at all. I ___ here only a few minutes.

      A. have been B. had been C. was D. will be

      答案A. 等待的动作由过去开始,持续到现在,应用现在完成时。

         6  过去完成时

      1) 概念:表示过去的过去

      ----|-------|-----|---- 其构成是had +过去分词构成。

      那时以前 那时 现在

      2) 用法

      a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。

      She said she had never been to Paris.

      b. 状语从句

      在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。

      When the police arrived, the thieves had run away.

      c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示 原本 ,未能

      We had hoped that you would come, but you didn t.

      3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。

      He said that he had learned some English before.

      By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself.

      Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.

      典型例题

      The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ___ in the office.

      A. had written, left B,were writing, has left C. had written, had left D. were writing, had left

      答案D. 把书忘在办公室 发生在 去取书 这一过去的动作之前,因此 忘了书 这一动作发生在过去的过去,用过去完成时。句中when表示的是时间的一点,表示在 同学们正忙于 这一背景下,when所引导的动作发生。因此

      前一句应用过去进行时。

      注意: had no when 还没等 就

      had no sooner than 刚 就

      He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it.

      7  用一般过去时代替完成时

      1) 两个动作如按顺序发生,又不强调先后,或用then,and,but 等连词时,多用一般过去时。

      When she saw the mouse,she screamed.

      My aunt gave me a hat and I lost it.

      2 ) 两个动作相继发生,可用一般过去时;如第一个动作需要若干时间完成,用过去完成时。

      When I heard the news, I was very excited.

      3) 叙述历史事实,可不用过去完成时,而只用一般过去时。

      Our teacher told us that Columbus discovered America in 1492.

      8  将来完成时

      1) 构成will / be going to do sth.

      2) 概念

      a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。

      b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或一获得的经验。

      They will have been married for 20 years by then.

      You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.

      9  现在进行时

      现在进行时的基本用法:

      a. 表示现在 正在发生的事情。

      We are waiting for you.

      b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。

      Mr. Green is writing another novel.

      She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.

      c. 表示渐变的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。

      The leaves are turning red.

      It s getting warmer and warmer.

      d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。

      You are always changing your mind.

      典型例题

      My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.

      A. has lost, don t find B. is missing, don t find C. has lost, haven t found D. is missing, haven t found.

      答案D. 前句是一个仍在持续的状态,应用进行时,由于没有找到,其影响仍然存在,应用完成时,瞬间动词用于否定式时可用于完成时。

      10 不用进行时的动词

      1) 事实状态的动词

      have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include, contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue

      I have two brothers.

      This house belongs to my sister.

      2) 心理状态的动词

      Know, realize, think see, believe, suppose, imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget, prefer, mean, understand, love, hate

      I need your help.

      He loves her very much.

      3 ) 瞬间动词

      accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow, decide, refuse.

      I accept your advice.

      4) 系动词

      seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get, become, turn

      You seem a little tired.

      11  过去进行时

      1) 概念:表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。

      2) 过去进行时的主要用法是描述一件事发生的背景;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。

      3) 常用的时间状语

      this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while

      My brother fell while he was riding his bicycle and hurt himself.

      It was raining when they left the station.

      When I got to the top of the mountain, the sun was shining.

      典型例题

      1) Mary ___ a dress when she cut her finger.

      A. made B. is making C. was making D. makes

      答案C. 割伤手指是已发生的事情,应用过去时。同 时,when表时间的同时性, 玛丽在做衣服时 提供事情发生的背景,因此用过去进行时。

      2) As she ___ the newspaper, Granny ___ asleep.

      read; was falling B. was reading; fell C. was reading; was falling D. read;fell

      答案B.句中的as = when, while,意为 当 之时 。描述一件事发生的背景时,用过去进行;一个长动作发生的时候,另一个短动作发生。句意为 在她看报纸时,奶奶睡着了。 句中的 fell ,是系动词,后跟形容词,如:fall sick。

        12  将来进行时

      1) 概念:表示将来某时进行的状态或动作,或按预测将来会发生的事情。

      She ll be coming soon.

      I ll be meeting him sometime in the future.

      注意:将来进行时不用于表示 意志 ,不能说 I ll be having a talk with her.

      2)常用的时间状语

      Soon, tomorrow, this evening,on Sunday, by this time,tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening

      By this time tomorrow, I ll be lying on the beach.

      13  一般现在时代替将来时

      时间状语从句,条件句中,从句用一般现在时代替将来时

      When, while, before, after, till, once, as soon as, so long as, by the time, if, in case , unless, even if, whether, the moment, the minute, the day, the year, immediately

      He is going to visit her aunt the day he arrives in Beijing. 他一到北京,就去看他姨妈。

      典型例题

      He said he________me a present unless I_______ in doing the experiment.

      A. had not given; had not succeeded B. would not give; succeed

      C. will not give; succeed D. would not give; will succeed.

      答案B. 在时间,条件或让步主语从句中一般不用将来时。本题有He said,故为过去式。主句用将来时,故选B. 此处用一般过去式代替了过去将来时。

      表示现在已安排好的未来事项,行程等活动。

      The museum opens at ten tomorrow. 博物馆明天10点开门。

         14  一般现在时代替过去时

      1 ) 书上说 , 报纸上说 等。

      The newspaper says that it s going to be cold tomorrow.

      报纸上说明天会很冷的。

      2) 叙述往事,使其生动。

      Napoleon s army now advances and the great battle begins.

      15  一般现在时代替完成时

      1) 有些动词用一般现在时代替完成时:

      hear, tell, learn, write , understand, forget, know, find , say, remember.

      I hear he will go to London.

      I forget how old he is.

      2) 句型 It is since 代替 It has been since

      3) It is five years since we last met11.25 一般现在时代替进行时

      1) 句型:Here comes ; There goes

      Look, here comes Mr. Li.

      16  现在进行时代替将来时

      1) 表示即将发生的或预定中计划好的活动。

      Are you staying with us this weekend? 这周和我们一起度周末吗?

      We are leaving soon. 我们马上就走。

      2) 渐变动词,如:get, run, grow, become, begin及die。

      He is dying.

         17  时态一致

      1) 如果从句所叙述的为真理或不变的事实,则永远用现在时。

      At that time, people did not know that the earth moves.

      He told me last week that he is eighteen.

      2) 宾语从句中的助动词ought, need, must, dare 时态是不变的。

      He thought that I need not tell you the truth.

      18  时态与时间状语

      时间状语

      一般现在时 every , sometimes, at , on Sunday,

      一般过去时 yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982, just now

      一般将来时 next , tomorrow, in+时间,

      现在完成时 for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till/until, up to now, in past years, always, recently

      过去完成时 before, by, until, when, after, once, as soon as

      过去进行时 this morning, the whole morning, all day, yesterday, from nine to ten last evening when, while

      将来进行时 soon, tomorrow, this evening, on Sunday, by this time, tomorrow, in two days, tomorrow evening

     

  • 经常有家长问,小学一年级的孩子,怎么学习语法?语法学习,给人的一般印象就是枯燥乏味,缺乏乐趣,而小孩子学习的最大问题在于专注力不够,那么让孩子学好语法让人感觉有时真是 比登天还难 。

      但是其实,配合着英语阅读,孩子在小学阶段掌握大部分英语语法,并不困难。马上寒假即将来临,家长倒是不妨帮着孩子把握好寒假的时间,巩固好小学阶段的英语语法知识,其实只要学习得法,语法学习并不是一块 击不坏的顽石 。

      什么是语法?语法就是对语言现象的总结。举个例子,假如一个外星人来地球参观,伫立十字街头,观察人间百态。很快,这个外星人就能总结出一条明显的规律: 红灯亮起,汽车停止。绿灯亮起,汽车启动 。语法学家,就是这样的 外星人 ,他们阅研古往今来的文学著作、戏剧报刊、通俗小说,总结民族书面语言的进化史。随着科技的发达,语言学家走出办公室,身上揣着录音机,要么伫立街头,要么钻进小酒馆,偷录尘世间的对话,然后返回办公室,一边回放录音,一边敏感地听着 听着 总结口语的变迁。

      教孩子学语法,首先要划定孩子所需掌握的语法范畴。

      在这方面,我们可以参考新加坡小学英语大纲的标准。然后,我们要收集英语句子,把体现一种语法规则的句子,集中到一起,一并讲读给孩子听。孩子接触这些句子的时候,要提醒孩子注意这些句子所体现的语法规则。孩子只要理解了这些句子,再经过提醒,就很容易学会语法。(这个过程,就像大人带孩子来到十字路口,大人先让孩子观察车流,然后提醒孩子注意信号灯与车流的关联)。

      孩子在学语法的时候,会遇到各种语法规则。

      有的语法规则,比较死板。比如 名词的单复数变化 、 一般现在时中主语为第三人称单数,谓语动词加-s 等等,像这样死板的规则,可以通过一些机械操练,帮助孩子掌握。还有的语法规则,不太死板。比如 现在完成时 与 过去完成时 等等,这些语法规则,传递出一种时间先后的层次感,给孩子讲解这些语法的时候,要讲究措辞技巧,要注意自己讲解的语言。教员会措辞,就能很快帮助孩子建立英文叙事的时间感。孩子明白例句体现的时间概念,就能掌握比较复杂的英语时态(如:过去完成时)。

      语法学习,就是讲解与练习的过程。

      给孩子讲解完某一个语法现象之后,经过一个星期,可以让孩子再来看看这些英文例句,回想一下这些例句所体现的语法规律。以我的经验,可以利用这些讲过的例句,设计一些练习题,让孩子亲自动笔做一做,这对孩子加深语法印象,颇有好处。孩子学语法,在学的时候,也许是一听就懂,但过几天就忘了。所以,讲过语法之后,孩子还需配合练习的巩固。

      中国人没有英语母语环境,语法是帮助其最快学会使用这门语言的唯一方法,同时语法学习不仅是为考试,而是正确运用语言的方法,刚接触语言,语感形成很重要,使用语法来辅助语感的实现尤为重要。
     

  • 单词-词义-意思-

    absent-[形容词- 缺席的,不在场的-

    accept-[动词- 接受-

    accident-[名词- 事故;灾祸-

    active-[形容词- 活跃的-

    activity-[名词- 活动-

    add-[动词- 添加-

    address-[名词- 地址; 演说-

    admire-[动词- 钦佩;欣赏-

    adult-[名词- 成年人-

    advertisement-[名词- 广告-

    advice-[名词- 忠告-

    advise-[动词- 劝告-

    affect-[动词- 影响-

    against-[介系词- 反对-

    aim-[动词- 瞄准,对准; -  [名词:目标,目的

    air conditioner-[名词- 冷气机-

    airlines-[名词- 航线, 航空公司-

    alarm-[名词- 警铃;警报;惊慌-

    album-[名词- 相簿;集邮簿;唱片集-

    alike-[形容词- 相似的-

    alive-[形容词- 活着的;活跃的-

    allow-[动词- 允许-

    alone-[形容词- 单独的;孤单的-

    aloud-[副词- 大声地-

    alphabet-[名词- 字母-

    altogether-[副词- 完全地;总共-

    ambulance-[名词- 救护车-

    among-[介系词- 在...之中-

    amount-[名词- 总数-

    ancient-[形容词- 古代的-

    angel-[名词- 天使-

    anger-[名词- 生气-

    ankle-[名词- 脚踝-

    anywhere-[副词- 任何地方-

    apologize-[动词- 道歉-

    appreciate-[动词- 感谢;赏识-

    area-[名词- 地区;面积-

    argue-[动词- 争论-

    armchair-[名词- 扶手椅子-

    army-[名词- 军队;大群-

    arrange-[动词- 排列;整理-

    artist-[名词- 艺术家-

    asleep-[形容词- 睡着的-

    assistant-[名词- 助手-

    assume-[动词- 假定-

    attention-[名词- 注意;专心-

    available-[形容词- 可用的,可得到的,有效的-

    avoid-[动词- 避免-

    baby sitter-[名词- 替人看小孩者-

    backpack-[名词- 背包-

    backward-[形容词- 向后的;落后的; - 副词:向后地;落后地

    balloon-[名词- 汽球-

    barber-[名词- 男理发师-

    bark-[动词- 狗叫; -  [名词吠声

    basement-[名词- 地下室-

    basic-[形容词- 基本的-

    bathe-[动词- 洗澡-

    beard-[名词- 胡子-

    beat-[动词- 击败;敲击-

    beauty-[名词- 美貌;美人-

    beer-[名词- 啤酒-

    beginner-[名词- 新手-

    behave-[动词- 举动;守规矩-

    besides-[副词- 并且; [介系词- 除...之外

    beyond-[副词- 在更远处; [介系词- 越出;晚于;在...那一边

    bill-[动词- 记入账; - [名词账单; 钞票

    biology-[名词- 生物学-

    bitter-[形容词- 苦的;严酷的-

    blame-[动词- 归咎于-

    blank-[名词- 空白-

    bless-[动词- 祝福;保佑-

    blood-[名词- 血-

    blouse-[名词- 女装短上衣-

    board-[动词- 上车;上船; - [名词木板;膳食;车上;船上; 董事会

    bomb-[名词- 炸弹-

    bone-[名词- 骨头-

    bookcase-[名词- 书架-

    bother-[动词- 烦扰-

    bowling-[名词- 保龄球戏-

    branch-[名词- 树枝;支部-

    brave-[形容词- 勇敢的-

    brick-[名词- 砖块-

    broad-[形容词- 宽广的-

    broadcast-[动词- 广播-

    brunch-[名词- 早午餐-

    bucket-[名词- 水桶-

    buffet-[名词- 自助餐-

    bundle-[名词- 捆;大量-

    burger-[名词- 汉堡牛肉饼-

    burst-[动词- 爆开;闯入-

    button-[动词- 扣钮扣; - [名词钮扣

    cabbage-[名词- 包心菜-

    cable-[名词- 缆索;有线电视-

    cafeteria-[名词- 自助餐馆-

    calendar-[名词- 日历;月历;行事历-

    calm-[形容词- 宁静的; - [动词 变安静;使镇定

    campus-[名词- 校园-

    cancel-[动词- 取消-

    cancer-[名词- 癌症-

    captain-[名词- 队长;机长;舰长-

    careless-[形容词- 粗心的-

    carpet-[名词- 地毯-

    carrot-[名词- 胡萝卜-

    cartoon-[名词- 卡通-

    cash-[动词- 兑现; - 名词:现款

    cassette-[名词- 卡式磁带-

    cause-[名词- 原因;理由-

    ceiling-[名词- 天花板-

    central-[形容词- 中央的-

    century-[名词- 一世纪-

    cereal-[名词- 麦片-

    certain-[形容词- 肯定的-

    channel-[名词- 管道;频道-

    character-[名词- 特性;角色;(中文)字-

    charge-[动词- 索价;充电; -  [名词费用;充电

    chart-[名词- 图表-

    chase-[动词- 追-

    chemistry-[名词- 化学-

    childhood-[名词- 幼时-

    childish-[形容词- 幼稚的-

    childlike-[形容词- 天真烂漫的-

    chin-[名词- 下巴-

    choice-[名词- 选择-

    chubby-[形容词- 圆胖的-

    classical-[形容词- 古典的-

    clever-[形容词- 聪明伶俐的-

    climate-[名词- 气候-

    closet-[名词- 壁橱;衣橱-

    cloud-[名词- 云-

    coach-[名词- 教练-

    coast-[名词- 海岸-

    cockroach-[名词- 蟑螂-

    coin-[名词- 硬币-

    college-[名词- 学院;大学-

    colorful-[形容词- 富有色彩的-

    command-[名词- 命令-

    comment-[动词- 评论; - 名词名词评论

    company-[名词- 公司-

    compare-[动词- 比较-

    complain-[动词- 抱怨-

    complete-[形容词- 完整的;彻底的; -  [动词完成

    completion-[名词- 完成,实现-

    concern-[动词- 使担心; -  [名词关怀

    confident-[形容词- 有信心的-

    confuse-[动词- 使迷惑-

    congratulation-[名词- 祝贺-

    consider-[动词- 考虑-

    considerate-[形容词- 体谅的-

    contact lens-[名词- 隐形眼镜-

    continue-[动词- 继续-

    contract-[名词- 契约;合同-

    control-[动词- 控制-

    convenience store-[名词- 便利商店-

    conversation-[名词- 会话-

    corn-[名词- 玉米-

    cotton-[名词- 棉花-

    cough-[动词- 咳嗽; -  [名词咳嗽

    couple-[名词- 一对-

    courage-[名词- 勇气-

    court-[名词- 法庭;(网球等的)场地-

    cowboy-[名词- 牛仔-

    crab-[名词- 螃蟹-

    crayon-[名词- 蜡笔-

    cream-[名词- 奶油-

    create-[动词- 创造-

    credit card-[名词- 信用卡-

    crime-[名词- 犯罪-

    crowd-[名词- 群众-

    crowded-[形容词- 拥挤的-

    cruel-[形容词- 残酷的-

    culture-[名词- 文化-

    cure-[动词- 治愈; - [名词痊愈

    curious-[形容词- 好奇的-

    current-[形容词- 现行的; - [名词水流;电流

    curtain-[名词- 窗帘;(舞台上的)幕-

    curve-[名词- 曲线-

    custom-[名词- 习俗-

    customer-[名词- 顾客-

    daily-[形容词- 每日的; - [副词每日

    damage-[动词- 损害; - [名词损害

    danger-[名词- 危险-

    dawn-[动词- 破晓, 顿悟; - [名词黎明

    deaf-[形容词- 聋的-

    death-[名词- 死亡-

    debate-[动词- 辩论; -  [名词辩论

    decision-[名词- 决定-

    decorate-[动词- 布置-

    decrease-[动词- 减少-

    deep-[形容词- 深的-

    deer-[名词- 鹿-

    degree-[名词- 程度-

    deliver-[动词- 递送;发表,讲;给……接生-

    department-[名词- 部门-

    depend-[动词- 依赖-

    describe-[动词- 描述-

    desert-[动词- 遗弃;离弃;逃跑; - [名词沙漠;(常复数)赏罚;(尤指)惩罚

    design-[动词- 设计; -名词; 图案;设计

    desire-[名词- 渴望-

    dessert-[名词- 餐后甜点-

    detect-[动词- 查出-

    develop-[动词- 发展-

    dial-[动词- 拨(电话号码)-

    diamond-[名词- 钻石-

    diary-[名词- 日记-

    diet-[动词- 节食; - [名词饮食;特种饮食

    difference-[名词- 差别-

    difficulty-[名词- 困难-

    diligent-[形容词- 勤勉的-

    dinosaur-[名词- 恐龙-

    diplomat-[名词- 外交官-

    direct-[形容词- 直接的; - [动词指引

    direction-[名词- 方向; 指示-

    disappear-[动词- 消失-

    discover-[动词- 发现-

    discuss-[动词- 讨论-

    discussion-[名词- 讨论-

    dishonest-[形容词- 不诚实的-

    distance-[名词- 距离-

    distant-[形容词- 远离的-

    divide-[动词- 分开;除以-

    dizzy-[形容词- 晕眩的-

    dolphin-[名词- 海豚-

    donkey-[名词- 驴子-

    double-[形容词- 双重的; - 动词;加倍; [名词

    doubt-[动词- 怀疑; - [名词怀疑

    doughnut-[名词- 油炸圈饼-

    downstairs-[形容词- 楼下的; - 副词;楼下地; [名词

    downtown-[形容词- 城市商业区的; - 副词:2017/11/6往城市商业区; [名词

    drama-[名词- 戏剧-

    dresser-[名词- 衣柜-

    drugstore-[名词- (常兼售杂货的)药房-

    dumb-[形容词- 愚笨的;哑的-

    duty-[名词- 义务;关税-

    eagle-[名词- 老鹰-

    earn-[动词- 赚到-

    earrings-[名词- 耳环-

    ease-[动词- 减轻-

    edge-[名词- 边缘;优势-

    education-[名词- 教育-

    effort-[名词- 努力-

    elder-[形容词- 年纪较长的;- [名词长辈

    elect-[动词- 选出-

    electric-[形容词- 电的-

    embarrass-[动词- 使困窘-

    emotion-[名词- 情绪-

    emphasize-[动词- 强调-

    employ-[动词- 雇用-

    empty-[形容词- 空的-

    enemy-[名词- 敌人-

    energetic-[形容词- 精力充沛的-

    energy-[名词- 精力;能量-

    engine-[名词- 引擎-

    entrance-[名词- 入口-

    environment-[名词- 环境-

    envy-[动词- 羡慕;嫉妒-

    equal-[形容词- 相等的; 平等的-

    error-[名词- 错误-

    especially-[副词- 特别地-

    event-[名词- 事件-

    everywhere-[副词- 处处-

    evil-[形容词- 邪恶的-

    exam-[名词- 考试-

    excite-[动词- 使兴奋;使激动-

    exist-[动词- 存在-

    exit-[名词- 出口-

    expect-[动词- 期待-

    explain-[动词- 解释-

    express-[动词- 表示-

    extra-[形容词- 额外的; -  [名词附加的人物或钱;号外

    fair-[形容词- 公平的;美好的-

    FALSE-[形容词- 假的-

    fancy-[形容词- 花俏的;特级的-

    fantastic-[形容词- 奇妙的-

    fashionable-[形容词- 时尚的-

    faucet-[名词- 水龙头-

    fault-[名词- 过错-

    fear-[动词- 畏惧; - [名词惧怕

    fee-[名词- 费用-

    female-[形容词- 女性的; - 名词雌性动物

    fence-[名词- 栅栏;篱笆-

    film-[名词- 胶卷;影片-

    final-[形容词- 最终的-

    fit-[动词- 合身;适合-

    flag-[名词- 旗子-

    flashlight-[名词- 手电筒-

    flat tire-[名词- 爆胎-

    flight-[名词- 飞行-

    flour-[名词- 面粉-

    flu-[名词- 流行性感冒-

    focus-[动词- 集中; - 名词焦点

    fog-[名词- 雾-

    foggy-[形容词- 有雾的-

    fool-[动词- 愚弄; - [名词呆子

    foolish-[形容词- 愚蠢的-

    football-[名词- 美式足球-

    forest-[名词- 森林-

    forgive-[动词- 原谅-

    form-[动词- 形成;- [名词形态;表格

    formal-[形容词- 正式的-

    former-[形容词- 前者-

    forward-[形容词- 前面的; - [动词 转递; [副词

    frank-[形容词- 坦白的-

    freedom-[名词- 自由-

    freezer-[名词- 冰箱的冷冻部;冷冻箱-

    freezing-[形容词- 冰冻的;极冷的-

    friendship-[名词- 友谊-

    frighten-[动词- 害怕;吃惊-

    furniture-[名词- 家具-

    gain-[动词- 得到;增进-

    garage-[名词- 车库-

    gather-[动词- 集合-

    general-[形容词- 普遍的; -  [名词将军

    generous-[形容词- 慷慨的-

    genius-[名词- 天才-

    gentle-[形容词- 温柔的-

    gentleman-[名词- 绅士-

    geography-[名词- 地理-

    gesture-[名词- 姿势;表示-

    goal-[名词- 目标;球门-

    god-[名词- 上帝-

    gold-[形容词- 金制的; - [名词黄金

    golden-[形容词- 金色的-

    golf-[名词- 高尔夫球-

    government-[名词- 政府-

    granddaughter-[名词- 孙女;外孙女-

    grandson-[名词- 孙子;外孙-

    greedy-[形容词- 贪心的-

    greet-[动词- 问候;致敬-

    guard-[动词- 保卫;看守; - [名词警卫

    guest-[名词- 客人-

    guide-[动词- 引导; - 向导

    gun-[名词- 枪-

    haircut-[名词- 理发-

    hairdresser-[名词- 美发师-

    hall-[名词- 大厅;讲堂-

    hammer-[动词- 敲打; - [名词锤

    handkerchief-[名词- 手帕-

    handle-[动词- 处理;搬弄; - [名词把手

    hanger-[名词- 衣架-

    heater-[名词- 暖气机-

    height-[名词- 高度-

    helicopter-[名词- 直升机-

    hero-[名词- 英雄-

    highway-[名词- 公路;干道-

    hip-[名词- 臀部-

    hire-[动词- 雇用-

    hole-[名词- 洞-

    homesick-[形容词- 想家的-

    honesty-[名词- 诚实-

    horrible-[形容词- 可怕的-

    host-[名词- 主人-

    housework-[名词- 家务-

    hug-[动词- 搂抱-

    human-[形容词- 人类的; -  [名词人

    humble-[形容词- 谦恭的;微贱的-

    humid-[形容词- 潮湿的-

    humor-[名词- 幽默-

    humorous-[形容词- 幽默的-

    hunger-[名词- 饥饿-

    hunter-[名词- 猎人-

    ignore-[动词- 不理睬-

    ill-[形容词- 生病的; - 不幸;祸害

    imagine-[动词- 想象-

    impolite-[形容词- 没礼貌的-

    importance-[名词- 重要性-

    impossible-[形容词- 不可能的-

    improve-[动词- 改善-

    include-[动词- 包含-

    income-[名词- 收入-

    increase-[动词- 增加-

    independent-[形容词- 独立的-

    indicate-[动词- 指出-

    influence-[名词- 影响-

    information-[名词- 信息-

    ink-[名词- 墨水-

    insist-[动词- 坚持-

    inspire-[动词- 鼓舞-

    instant-[形容词- 实时的; - 瞬间

    instrument-[名词- 仪器-

    intelligent-[形容词- 有才智的-

    international-[形容词- 国际的-

    interrupt-[动词- 打断(谈话和工作等)-

    introduce-[动词- 介绍-

    invent-[动词- 发明-

    invitation-[名词- 邀请-

    iron-[动词- 熨烫; - 铁;熨斗

    jam-[动词- 挤;夹伤; - 果酱;拥塞

    jazz-[名词- 爵士乐-

    jealous-[形容词- 嫉妒的-

    jeep-[名词- 吉普车-

    joke-[动词- 开玩笑; - 笑话

    journalist-[名词- 新闻工作者-

    judge-[动词- 判断;审判; - 法官

    ketchup-[名词- 西红柿酱-

    kilometer-[名词- 公里-

    kindergarten-[名词- 幼儿园-

    kingdom-[名词- 王国-

    kitten-[名词- 小猫-

    lack-[动词- 缺乏; - 缺乏

    lady-[名词- 淑女-

    lamb-[名词- 小羊-

    latter-[形容词- 后者-

    law-[名词- 法律-

    lay-[动词- 置放;产卵-

    leaf-[名词- 树叶-

    level-[名词- 水平线-

    lick-[动词- 舔-

    lift-[动词- 举起-

    lightning-[名词- 闪电-

    likely-[形容词- 有可能的-

    limit-[动词- 限定; - 限度

    link-[动词- 联系; - 环节

    liquid-[名词- 液体-

    liter-[名词- 公升-

    loaf-[名词- 一条(面包)-

    local-[形容词- 本地的; [- 当地居民

    lock-[动词- 锁住; [- 锁

    locker-[名词- (公共场所的)衣物柜-

    loser-[名词- 输家-

    ma'am-[名词- 女士-

    magazine-[名词- 杂志-

    magician-[名词- 魔术师-

    main-[形容词- 最主要的-

    major-[形容词- 较多的;主要的; -名词: 主修

    male-[形容词- 男性的; - [名词雄性动物

    mall-[名词- 大规模购物中心-

    manager-[名词- 经理-

    mango-[名词- 芒果-

    manner-[名词- 举止;态度-

    marry-[动词- 结婚-

    marvelous-[形容词- 了不起的-

    mass-[名词- 团;块-

    master-[动词- 精通; - [名词主人

    match-[动词- 相配-

    maximum-[形容词- 最大限度的; - [名词最高极限

    measure-[动词- 计量; - [名词尺寸

    mechanic-[名词- 技工-

    member-[名词- 会员-

    memory-[名词- 记忆-

    men's room-[名词- 男厕-

    message-[名词- 消息;音信-

    metal-[名词- 金属-

    meter-[名词- 公尺;计量器-

    method-[名词- 方法-

    microwave-[名词- 微波炉-

    middle-[形容词- 中间的;- [名词中央

    midnight-[名词- 午夜-

    minor-[形容词- 较小的;较次要的; - [名词未成年者;副科

    minus-[介系词- 减(去); - [名词负号

    mirror-[名词- 镜子-

    mix-[动词- 混合-

    model-[名词- 模型;模特儿-

    monster-[名词- 怪物-

    mosquito-[名词- 蚊子-

    motion-[名词- 移动-

    movement-[名词- 动作-

    musician-[名词- 音乐家-

    napkin-[名词- 餐巾-

    narrow-[形容词- 窄的-

    nation-[名词- 国家-

    natural-[形容词- 天然的-

    naughty-[形容词- 顽皮的-

    necessary-[形容词- 需要的-

    necklace-[名词- 项链-

    needle-[名词- 针-

    negative-[形容词- 否定的;负面的-

    neither-[形容词- 两者都不;-  [副词也不;

    nephew-[名词- 侄子;外甥-

    nervous-[形容词- 紧张的-

    nest-[名词- 巢-

    net-[名词- 网子-

    nice-looking-[形容词- 好看的-

    niece-[名词- 侄女;外甥女-

    noisy-[形容词- 喧闹的-

    none-[代名词- 毫无;无一(人或物)-

    nor-[连接词- 亦不-

    novel-[名词- 小说-

    nut-[名词- 核果-

    obey-[动词- 服从-

    object-[动词- 反对; - [名词物件

    ocean-[名词- 海洋-

    offer-[动词- 提供-

    omit-[动词- 略过-

    oneself-[代名词- 自己-

    onion-[名词- 洋葱-

    operation-[名词- 手术;操作-

    opinion-[名词- 意见-

    ordinary-[形容词- 平常的-

    oven-[名词- 烤箱-

    overpass-[名词- 天桥-

    overseas-[形容词- 国外的; - [副词在海外

    overweight-[形容词- 超重的;过重的-

    owner-[名词- 物主-

    pain-[名词- 疼痛;痛苦-

    painful-[形容词- 痛的-

    painter-[名词- 油漆匠;画家-

    pajamas-[名词- 睡衣-

    pale-[形容词- 苍白的;黯淡的-

    pan-[名词- 平锅-

    panda-[名词- 猫熊-

    pardon-[动词- 宽恕-

    parking lot-[名词- 停车场-

    parrot-[名词- 鹦鹉-

    partner-[名词- 伙伴-

    passenger-[名词- 乘客-

    path-[名词- 小径;路线-

    patient-[名词- 病人-

    pattern-[名词- 图案;模式-

    pause-[动词- 中止-

    peace-[名词- 和平-

    peaceful-[形容词- 宁静的;和平的-

    pepper-[名词- 胡椒;辣椒-

    perfect-[形容词- 完美的-

    period-[名词- 一段时间;一堂课-

    personal-[形容词- 个人的-

    physics-[名词- 物理-

    pigeon-[名词- 鸽子-

    pile-[动词- 堆起; - [名词一堆

    pillow-[名词- 枕头-

    pineapple-[名词- 菠萝-

    plain-[形容词- 简朴的;清楚的; - [名词平原

    platform-[名词- 月台;平台-

    pleasant-[形容词- 愉快的;美好的-

    pleased-[形容词- 欣喜的-

    plus-[介系词- 加(上); - [名词正号

    poem-[名词- 诗-

    poison-[名词- 毒物-

    pollute-[动词- 污染-

    pollution-[名词- 污染-

    pop music-[名词- 流行音乐-

    population-[名词- 人口-

    position-[名词- 位置-

    positive-[形容词- 正面的;确信的-

    potato-[名词- 马铃薯-

    powder-[名词- 粉-

    praise-[动词- 赞美-

    precious-[形容词- 宝贵的-

    president-[名词- 校长;总统-

    pressure-[名词- 压力-

    priest-[名词- 牧师;神父-

    primary-[形容词- 主要的;初级的-

    principal-[名词- (中小学)校长-

    principle-[名词- 主义;真谛-

    print-[动词- 印刷;用印刷体写-

    printer-[名词- 打印机;印刷业者-

    private-[形容词- 私人的-

    produce-[动词- 制造;出产; -  [名词:农产品

    production-[名词- 制造;生产-

    professor-[名词- 教授-

    progress-[名词- 进步-

    project-[名词- 计划-

    promise-[动词- 答应-

    pronounce-[动词- 发...音-

    protect-[动词- 保护-

    provide-[动词- 供应-

    pump-[动词- 跳动;使用唧筒; - [名词:唧筒;打气机;抽水机

    punish-[动词- 处罚-

    purpose-[名词- 目的-

    purse-[名词- 钱包-

    puzzle-[动词- 使迷惑; - [名词:谜

    quit-[动词- 放弃;离职-

    railroad-[名词- 铁路-

    raincoat-[名词- 雨衣-

    rare-[形容词- 罕见的-

    rather-[副词- 宁可;颇为-

    reach-[动词- 到;伸出-

    realize-[动词- 认知;实现-

    reason-[名词- 理由-

    receive-[动词- 收到-

    record-[动词- 记录;录音; [名词-  [名词:记录;唱片

    recover-[动词- 寻回;恢复-

    rectangle-[名词- 长方形-

    recycle-[动词- 回收-

    refuse-[动词- 拒绝-

    regret-[动词- 懊悔-

    regular-[形容词- 通常的;定期的-

    reject-[动词- 拒绝-

    relative-[形容词- 有关的;相对的; - [名词:亲戚

    remind-[动词- 提醒-

    rent-[动词- 租-

    repair-[动词- 修理; -  [名词:修理

    report-[名词- 报告-

    respect-[动词- 尊敬; - [名词:尊敬

    responsible-[形容词- 负责任的-

    result-[名词- 结果-

    return-[动词- 回;还-

    review-[动词- 温习;回顾; - [名词:复习

    revise-[动词- 校订;更改-

    rob-[动词- 抢劫-

    role-[名词- 角色-

    roof-[名词- 屋顶-

    root-[名词- 根-

    rub-[动词- 磨擦-

    rubber-[名词- 橡胶-

    rude-[形容词- 无礼的-

    ruin-[动词- 毁灭-

    rush-[动词- 催促;急送-

    safety-[名词- 安全-

    sailor-[名词- 水手-

    sample-[名词- 样品-

    sand-[名词- 沙-

    satisfy-[动词- 使满意-

    saucer-[名词- 浅碟-

    scarf-[名词- 围巾-

    scene-[名词- 景色;场面-

    scenery-[名词- 风景-

    scientist-[名词- 科学家-

    score-[动词- 得分; - [名词:得分; 二十; 刻痕; 乐谱

    seafood-[名词- 海产食品-

    search-[动词- 搜寻;搜查-

    secondary-[形容词- 第二的;次要的-

    secret-[名词- 秘密-

    section-[名词- 节;断面-

    seek-[动词- 寻觅-

    seem-[动词- 似乎是-

    select-[动词- 挑选-

    selfish-[形容词- 自私的-

    semester-[名词- 学期-

    sense-[名词- 感官;官能-

    servant-[名词- 雇工-

    serve-[动词- 服务-

    service-[名词- 服务-

    sheet-[名词- 一张(纸);床单-

    shelf-[名词- 架子-

    shoot-[动词- 注射;射击;拍摄-

    shore-[名词- 岸边-

    shower-[动词- 倾注;洗淋浴; - [名词:阵雨;淋浴

    shrimp-[名词- 虾子-

    shut-[动词- 关闭-

    silence-[名词- 寂静-

    silent-[形容词- 寂静的-

    silly-[形容词- 傻的;无聊的-

    silver-[形容词- 银的;银白的; - [名词:银

    similar-[形容词- 相似的-

    sincere-[形容词- 诚恳的-

    single-[形容词- 单一的;独身的; -[名词: 单的;一垒安打

    sink-[动词- 沉下;陷于; -[名词: 洗物槽

    ski-[动词- 滑雪; -  [名词:滑雪屐

    skill-[名词- 技能-

    skillful-[形容词- 有技术的, 熟练的-

    skin-[名词- 皮肤-

    skinny-[形容词- 很瘦的-

    sleepy-[形容词- 想睡的-

    slender-[形容词- 纤细的-

    slice-[动词- 切成薄片; - [名词:薄片

    slippers-[名词- 拖鞋-

    snail-[名词- 蜗牛-

    sneakers-[名词- 球鞋-

    sneaky-[形容词- 鬼鬼祟祟的-

    soap-[名词- 肥皂-

    social-[形容词- 社会的;交际的-

    society-[名词- 社会-

    soda-[名词- 苏打;汽水-

    soft drink-[名词- 冷饮-

    softball-[名词- 垒球-

    solve-[动词- 解决-

    soul-[名词- 灵魂-

    sour-[形容词- 酸的-

    soy sauce-[名词- 酱油-

    speaker-[名词- 演讲者;扬声器-

    speech-[名词- 言论;演讲-

    speed-[名词- 速度-

    spirit-[名词- 精神-

    spot-[动词- 沾污;察出; - [名词:斑点;场所

    spread-[动词- 展开;散布-

    state-[动词- 陈述; - [名词:状态;美国的州

    stationery-[名词- 文具-

    steal-[动词- 偷窃-

    steam-[动词- 蒸; - [名词:蒸气

    step-[名词- 步;台阶-

    stingy-[形容词- 小气的-

    stomachache-[名词- 胃痛-

    stone-[名词- 石头-

    storm-[动词- 猛攻; - [名词:暴风雨

    stormy-[形容词- 暴风雨的-

    stove-[名词- 炉灶-

    stream-[动词- 流;蜂拥而进; - [名词:溪流

    strike-[动词- 打击;(钟)敲响; - [名词:攻击;罢工

    style-[名词- 时尚;风格;文体-

    subway-[名词- 地铁-

    succeed-[动词- 成功-

    success-[名词- 成功-

    such-[形容词- 如此的-

    sudden-[形容词- 突然的-

    suggest-[动词- 建议-

    suit-[名词- 一套衣服;诉讼-

    super-[形容词- 超级的-

    supper-[名词- 晚餐-

    support-[动词- 支持; - [名词:支持

    survive-[动词- 在...之后仍然活着-

    swallow-[动词- 吞咽; -  [名词:吞咽;燕子

    swan-[名词- 天鹅-

    sweep-[动词- 扫; - [名词:扫除

    swimsuit-[名词- 泳衣-

    symbol-[名词- 符号;象征-

    system-[名词- 系统-

    table tennis-[名词- 乒乓球-

    talent-[名词- 天才-

    talkative-[形容词- 好说话的-

    tangerine-[名词- 橘子-

    tank-[名词- 槽;坦克-

    teapot-[名词- 茶壶-

    tear-[动词- 撕; -  [名词:眼泪

    temperature-[名词- 温度-

    tent-[名词- 帐篷-

    term-[名词- 术语;学期-

    terrific-[形容词- 非常好的;可怕的-

    textbook-[名词- 教科书-

    Thanksgiving-[名词- 感恩节-

    therefore-[副词- 因此-

    thief-[名词- 小偷-

    through-[介系词- 经过-

    thumb-[名词- 拇指-

    thunder-[名词- 雷-

    till-[介系词- 直到-

    tiny-[形容词- 微小的-

    tip-[动词- 给小费;使倾斜; -  [名词:尖端;小费

    title-[名词- 标题;头衔-

    tofu-[名词- 豆腐-

    toilet-[名词- 马桶-

    tongue-[名词- 舌头-

    toothache-[名词- 牙痛-

    toothbrush-[名词- 牙刷-

    topic-[名词- 论题;话题-

    toward-[介系词- 向;对-

    tower-[名词- 塔-

    trace-[动词- 追踪;描绘; - [名词:踪迹

    trade-[名词- 贸易-

    tradition-[名词- 传统-

    traditional-[形容词- 传统的-

    trap-[动词- 设陷阱; - [名词:陷阱;圈套

    travel-[动词- 旅行; - [名词:旅行

    treasure-[动词- 珍爱; - [名词:财宝

    triangle-[名词- 三角形-

    trousers-[名词- 长裤-

    trumpet-[动词- 吹喇叭; - [名词:小喇叭

    trust-[动词- 信任-

    truth-[名词- 事实;真相-

    tube-[名词- 管子-

    tunnel-[名词- 隧道-

    ugly-[形容词- 丑的-

    underline-[动词- 划线于...之下;强调; - [名词:底线

    underpass-[名词- 地下通道-

    underwear-[名词- 内衣-

    unique-[形容词- 独特的-

    universe-[名词- 宇宙-

    university-[名词- 大学-

    upon-[介系词- 在...之上-

    upper-[形容词- 较高的-

    upstairs-[形容词- 楼上的; -  [副词:楼上地; [名词

    usual-[形容词- 例常的-

    Valentine-[名词- 情人节-

    valley-[名词- 山谷-

    valuable-[形容词- 有价值的-

    value-[名词- 价值-

    vendor-[名词- 小贩-

    victory-[名词- 胜利-

    village-[名词- 村落-

    vinegar-[名词- 醋-

    visitor-[名词- 访客-

    vocabulary-[名词- 字汇-

    volleyball-[名词- 排球-

    vote-[动词- 投票-

    waist-[名词- 腰-

    Walkman-[名词- 随身听-

    war-[名词- 战争-

    waste-[动词- 浪费;-  [名词 浪费

    waterfall-[名词- 瀑布-

    weekday-[名词- 工作日-

    weight-[名词- 重量-

    wheel-[名词- 轮子-

    while-[连接词- 当...的时候; - [名词:一会儿

    whole-[形容词- 完整的-

    wide-[形容词- 宽的,广泛的-

    wild-[形容词- 野生的;无法无天的-

    wing-[名词- 翅膀-

    winner-[名词- 赢家-

    wok-[名词- 带把的中国炒菜锅-

    wolf-[名词- 狼-

    women's room-[名词- 女厕所-

    wood-[名词- 木材-

    woods-[名词- 树林-

    worm-[名词- 蠕虫-

    wound-[动词- 伤害; -  [名词:伤口

    wrist-[名词- 手腕-

    yell-[动词- 吼叫-

    youth-[名词- 青少年;青少年时代 -

     

  • 单词 词性 意思  

    a    冠词  一个;一种  

    a few [词组   一些  

    a little [词组   一点点  

    a lot    [词组   很多  

    A.M.    [缩写    上午  

    able    [形容词   能;有能力的  

    about [介系词   大约;关于  

    above [介系词   在…之上  

    abroad [副词   在国外  

    across [介系词    横越;穿过  

    act    [动词    扮演; 名词   行动,法案 

    action [名词  动作  

    actor [名词  男演员  

    actress [名词  女演员  

    afraid [形容词  害怕  

    after [介系词  在…之后;  连接词  在...之后 

    afternoon [名词  下午;午后  

    again [副词  再一次  

    age [名词  年龄  

    ago [副词  以前  

    agree [动词  同意  

    ahead [副词  在前;向前;预先;事前  

    air [名词  空气  

    airplane [名词  飞机  

    airport [名词  飞机场  

    all [形容词  所有的;全部;  [代名词  一切 

    almost [副词  几乎  

    along [介系词  沿着  

    already [副词  已经  

    also [副词  也  

    although [连接词  虽然  

    always [副词  总是  

    am [动词  是,在; be 动词第一人称,单数,现在式  

    America [名词  美国;美洲  

    American [形容词  美国的;美洲的;  [名词     美国人 

    an [冠词  一个;一种  

    and [连接词  和;及;而;就  

    angry [形容词  生气的  

    animal [名词  动物  

    another [形容词  另一个;  [代名词  另一个 

    answer [动词  回答;  [名词  答案 

    ant [名词  蚂蚁  

    any [形容词  任何的;  [代名词  任何一个 

    anybody [代名词  任何人  

    anyone [代名词  任何人  

    anything [代名词  任何事物  

    apartment [名词  公寓  

    appear [动词  出现  

    apple [名词  苹果  

    April [名词  四月  

    are [动词  是,在; be 动词第一、第三人称, 复数, 现在式; 第二次人单、复数, 现在式  

    aren't [缩短形  are not  

    arm [名词  手臂  

    around [介系词  差不多;环绕  

    arrive [动词  到达  

    art [名词  艺术  

    as [介系词  以…的身份;作为;  [连接词   依照;当...时 

    ask [动词  问  

    at [介系词  在  

    attack [动词  进攻;袭击;  [名词   攻击 

    August [名词  八月  

    aunt [名词  姨妈;姑妈  

    autumn [名词  秋季  

    away [形容词  不在的;  [副词  离开 

    baby [名词  婴儿  

    back [副词  回原处;  [名词  背部;后面 

    bad [形容词  坏的  

    badminton [名词  羽毛球  

    bag [名词  袋子  

    bake [动词  烘;烤  

    bakery [名词  面包店  

    balcony [名词  阳台  

    ball [名词  球  

    banana [名词  香蕉  

    band [名词  乐团;乐队  

    bank [名词  银行;堤;岸  

    barbecue [名词  烤肉  

    base [名词  基;底;基部  

    baseball [名词  棒球  

    basket [名词  篮子  

    basketball [名词  篮球  

    bat [名词  球棒;蝙蝠  

    bath [名词  洗澡  

    bathroom [名词  厕所;浴室  

    be [动词  是;要;有;在;  [助动词  正在...,被… 

    beach [名词  海滩  

    bean [名词  豆荚;豆子  

    bear [动词  承受;  [名词  熊 

    beautiful [形容词  漂亮的  

    because [连接词  因为  

    become [动词  变成  

    bed [名词  床  

    bedroom [名词  卧房  

    bee [名词  蜜蜂  

    beef [名词  牛肉  

    before [介系词  在…之前  

    begin [动词  开始  

    behind [介系词  在…后面  

    believe [动词  相信  

    bell [名词  铃;钟  

    belong [动词  属于  

    below [介系词  在…之下  

    belt [名词  腰带  

    bench [名词  长凳;长椅  

    beside [介系词  在...旁侧  

    between [介系词  在…和…之间  

    bicycle [名词  脚踏车  

    big [形容词  大的  

    bike [动词  骑脚踏车;  [名词   脚踏车 

    bird [名词  鸟  

    birthday [名词  生日  

    bite [动词  咬  

    black [形容词  黑色的;   [名词 黑色;美国黑人 

    blackboard [名词  黑板  

    blanket [名词  毯子  

    blind [形容词  瞎的  

    block [动词  阻塞;   [名词  街区 

    blow [动词  吹  

    blue [形容词  蓝色的;  [名词 蓝色 

    boat [名词  小船  

    body [名词  身体  

    boil [动词  (水等)沸腾;开;滚  

    book [名词  书本  

    bookstore [名词  书店  

    bore [动词  使厌烦  

    boring [形容词  乏味的  

    born [形容词  出生的;诞生的  

    borrow [动词  借  

    boss [名词  老板  

    both [形容词  两者;  [代名词  两者(都) 

    bottle [名词  瓶子  

    bottom [名词  底部;屁股  

    bow [动词  鞠躬;  [名词  弓 

    bowl [名词  碗  

    box [名词  箱;盒;匣  

    boy [名词  男孩  

    bread [名词  面包  

    break [动词  断裂;中断;打破(记录);  [名词   暂停 

    breakfast [名词  早餐  

    bridge [名词  桥  

    bright [形容词  光亮的  

    bring [动词  带来  

    brother [名词  兄;弟  

    brown [形容词  褐色的;棕色的;  [名词  棕色 

    brush [动词  刷;  [名词  刷子 

    bug [名词  小虫  

    build [动词  建造;盖  

    bun [名词  小圆面包  

    burn [动词  烧;烫伤;  [名词  灼伤 

    bus [名词  公交车  

    business [名词  商业;事  

    businessman [名词  商人  

    busy [形容词  忙碌的  

    but [连接词  但是  

    butter [名词  奶油  

    butterfly [名词  蝴蝶  

    buy [动词  买  

    by [介系词  经由  

    bye [感叹词  再见;再会  

    cage [名词  鸟笼;兽笼  

    cake [名词  蛋糕  

    call [动词  喊;打电话  

        

    camera [名词  照相机  

    camp [动词  露营;   [名词  营地 

    can [助动词  能;  [名词  罐头 

    candle [名词  蜡烛  

    candy [名词  糖果  

    cannot [助动词  不能  

    can't [缩短形  cannot (can 的反义)  

    cap [名词  无边便帽;盖子  

    car [名词  汽车  

    card [名词  卡片  

    care [动词  关心;照顾  

    careful [形容词  小心的  

    carry [动词  提;搬运  

    case [名词  盒子;案件  

    castle [名词  城堡  

    cat [名词  猫  

    catch [动词  接(球);捕获  

    celebrate [动词  庆祝  

    cell phone [名词  手机  

    cell phone [名词  手机,大哥大  

    cent [名词  分(钱币)  

    center [名词  中心(点)  

    centimeter [名词  公分  

    chair [名词  椅子  

    chalk [名词  粉笔  

    chance [名词  机会  

    change [动词  改变;更改;  [名词   零钱 

    cheap [形容词  便宜的  

    cheat [动词  欺骗;作弊  

    check [动词  检查;   [名词  支票;买单 

    cheer [动词  向...欢呼;   [名词  喝采;鼓励 

    cheese [名词  起司;奶酪  

    chess [名词  西洋棋  

    chicken [名词  鸡;鸡肉  

    child     [名词  小孩  

    China [名词  中国  

    Chinese [形容词  中国的;中国人的; [名词 [名词  中文;中国人 

    chocolate [名词  巧克力  

    choose [动词  选择;挑选  

    chopsticks [名词  筷子  

    Christmas [名词  圣诞节  

    church [名词  教堂  

    circle [名词  圆圈;集团  

    city [名词  都市  

    clap [动词  拍(手);鼓(掌)  

    class [名词  阶级;班级;上课  

    classmate [名词  同班同学  

    classroom [名词  教室  

    clean [形容词  干净的;  [动词  打扫 

    clear [形容词  清楚的;晴朗的  

    clerk [名词  店员;办事员;职员  

    climb [动词  爬;攀登  

    clock [名词  钟  

    close [形容词  近的;密切的;  [动词  关上 

    cloudy [形容词  多云的;阴天的  

    club [名词  俱乐部;夜总会;社团  

    coat [名词  外套  

    coffee [名词  咖啡  

    cola [名词  可乐  

    cold [形容词  寒冷的;  [名词  感冒 

    collect [动词  收集  

    color [名词  颜色  

    comb [动词  用梳子梳理;  [名词  梳子 

    come [动词  到来  

    comfortable [形容词  舒适的  

    comic [形容词  滑稽的;  [名词  漫画 

    common [形容词  常见的;寻常的;普遍的  

    computer [名词  计算机  

    convenient [形容词  方便的  

    cook [动词  煮;  [名词  厨师 

    cookie [名词  饼干  

    cool [形容词  凉快的;很棒的;酷  

    copy [动词  拷贝;抄袭; [名词 [名词  拷贝;副本 

    corner [名词  角落  

    correct [形容词  正确的; [动词  改正;纠正 

    cost [动词  花费;  [名词  费用;成本 

    couch [名词  长沙发  

    couldn't [缩短形  could not  

    count [动词  计算;数;  [名词  计数;计算 

    country [名词  国家;乡下  

    course [名词  课程;科目  

    cousin [名词  表(堂)兄弟姊妹  

    cover [动词  盖住;  [名词  封面 

    cow [名词  母牛  

    crazy [形容词  古怪的;着迷的  

    cross [动词  越过;渡过;  [名词  十字架 

    cry [动词  哭叫  

    cup [名词  杯子  

    cut [动词  切割;剪  

    cute [形容词  可爱的  

    dad [名词  父亲  

    daddy [名词  父亲  

    dance [动词  跳舞;  [名词  舞会 

    dangerous [形容词  危险的  

    dark [形容词  黑暗的  

    date [动词  约会;  [名词  日期 

    daughter [名词  女儿  

    day [名词  白天;日  

    dead [形容词  死的  

    deal [动词  处理;对付;对待[(+with) [名词  交易  

    dear [形容词  亲爱的  

    December [名词  十二月  

    decide [动词  决定  

    delicious [形容词  好吃的  

    dentist [名词  牙医  

    department store [名词  百货公司  

    desk [名词  书桌  

    dictionary [名词  字典  

    didn't [缩短形  did not  

    die [动词  死;  [名词  骰子 

    different [形容词  不同的  

    difficult [形容词  困难的  

    dig [动词  挖掘  

    dining room [名词  饭厅  

    dinner [名词  晚餐  

    dirty [形容词  肮脏的  

    dish [名词  盘子;一盘菜  

    do [动词  做;  [助动词  构成否定句,疑问句,或强调句 

    doctor [名词  医生  

    dodge ball [名词  躲避球游戏  

    doesn't [缩短形  does not  

    dog [名词  狗  

    doll [名词  洋娃娃  

    dollar [名词  美元  

    don't [缩短形  do not  

    door [名词  门  

    dot [名词  点;小圆点  

    down [介系词  向下  

    dozen [名词  一打  

    Dr. [缩写  医生  

    dragon [名词  龙  

    draw [动词  画;绘制;描写;  [名词  平局;平手 

    drawer [名词  抽屉  

    dream [名词  梦  

    dress [动词  穿着;  [名词  洋装 

    drink [动词  喝;  [名词  饮料 

    drive [动词  开车  

    driver [名词  司机  

    drop [动词  (使)滴落;丢下  

    drum [名词  鼓  

    dry [形容词  干的  

    duck [名词  鸭  

    dumpling [名词  饺子  

    during [介系词  在…期间  

    each [形容词  每个;  [代名词  各个 

    ear [名词  耳朵  

    early [形容词  早的;提早的;  [副词  早;提早 

    earth [名词  地球;土地  

    east [形容词  东方的;  [副词  向东方; [名词 东方  

    Easter [名词  复活节  

    easy [形容词  容易的  

    eat [动词  吃  

    egg [名词  蛋  

    eight [形容词  八的;  [名词  八 

    eighteen [形容词  十八的; [名词  [名词 十八 

    eighty [形容词  八十的;   八十 

    either [形容词  两者之一;  [副词  也;   [连接词 或者(和or连用)

    elementary school [名词  小学  

    elephant [名词  大象  

    eleven [形容词  十一的;  [名词  十一 

    else [形容词  其他的  

    e-mail [名词  电子邮件  

    end [动词  结束;  [名词  尽头;结局 

    engineer [名词  工程师  

    English [名词  英语  

    enjoy [动词  喜欢;享受  

    enough [形容词  足够的  

    enter [动词  输入;进入  

    envelope [名词  信封  

    eraser [名词  橡皮擦  

    eve [名词  前夕  

    even [形容词  均匀的;偶数的;平手的;  [副词  即使 

    ever [副词  从来;曾经  

    every [形容词  每一个的  

    everybody [代名词  每个人  

    everyone [代名词  每个人  

    everything [代名词  每样事物;重于一切  

    example [名词  例子  

    excellent [形容词  非常好的  

    except [介系词  除…之外  

    excited [形容词  感到兴奋的  

    exciting [形容词  令人兴奋的  

    excuse [动词  原谅;借光;  [名词  借口 

    exercise [名词  运动;习题  

    expensive [形容词  贵的  

    experience [动词  经历;感受;  [名词  经验 

    eye [名词  眼睛  

    face [名词  脸  

    fact [名词  事实  

    factory [名词  工厂  

    fail [动词  失败;不及格  

    fall [动词  掉下;  [名词  秋天 

    family [名词  家庭  

    famous [形容词  著名的  

    fan [名词  风扇;扇子;迷友  

    far [形容词  远的  

    farm [动词  耕作;养殖;经营农场;从事畜牧业;  [名词  农场 

    farmer [名词  农夫  

    fast [形容词  快的  

    fat [形容词  胖的  

    father [名词  父亲  

    favorite [形容词  最喜爱的  

    February [名词  二月  

    feed [动词  吃;喂养  

    feel [动词  感觉  

    festival [名词  节日  

    fever [名词  发烧  

    few [形容词  少数的;一些;  [代名词  (与a或the连用)一些 

    fifteen [形容词  十五的;  [名词  十五 

    fifty [形容词  五十的;  [名词  五十 

    fight [动词  打架;作战;  [名词  打架;战斗 

    fill [动词  充满;填充  

    find [动词  找到  

    fine [形容词  好的  

    finger [名词  手指  

    finish [动词  完成  

    fire [名词  火  

    first [形容词  第一的  

    fish [动词  钓鱼;  [名词  鱼 

    fisherman [名词  渔夫  

    five [形容词  五的;  [名词  五 

    fix [动词  修理  

    floor [名词  地板;楼;室内地上  

    flower [名词  花  

    flute [名词  横笛  

    fly [动词  飞;  [名词  苍蝇 

    follow [动词  遵循;跟随  

    food [名词  食物  

    foot [名词  脚;一尺长  

    for [介系词  为…做的;给;  [连接词  因为,由于 

    foreign [形容词  外国的,陌生的,外来的  

    foreigner [名词  外国人  

    forget [动词  忘记  

    fork [名词  叉子  

    forty [形容词  四十的;  [名词  四十 

    four [形容词  四的;  [名词  四 

    fourteen [形容词  十四的;   [名词十四 

    fox [名词  狐狸  

    free [形容词  空闲的;自由的;免费的  

    French fries [名词  薯条  

    fresh [形容词  新鲜的  

    Friday [名词  星期五  

    friend [名词  朋友  

    friendly [形容词  友善的  

    Frisbee [名词  (投掷游戏用的)飞碟;飞盘  

    frog [名词  青蛙  

    from [介系词  从  

    front [名词  前方  

    fruit [名词  水果  

    fry [动词  油炸;  [名词  炸薯条 

    full [形容词  饱的;满的  

    fun [名词  乐趣  

    funny [形容词  可笑的;滑稽的  

    future [名词  未来  

    game [名词  比赛;游戏  

    garbage [名词  垃圾  

    garden [名词  花园  

    gas [名词  瓦斯;汽油  

    gate [名词  栅门;登机门  

    get [动词  得到;拿到  

    ghost [名词  鬼  

    giant [形容词  巨大的;  [名词 巨人 

    gift [名词  礼物  

    girl [名词  女孩  

    give [动词  给  

    glad [形容词  高兴的  

    glass [名词  玻璃杯;玻璃  

    glasses [名词  眼镜  

    glove [名词  手套  

    glue [动词  黏住;紧附;  [名词  胶;胶水 

    go [动词  去;走  

    goat [名词  山羊  

    good [形容词  好的  

    goodbye [感叹词  再见;再会  

    good-bye [感叹词  再见;再会;  [名词  告别 

    goose [名词  鹅  

    grade [名词  年级;分数  

    gram [名词  公克  

    grandfather [名词  祖父;外祖父  

    grandma [名词  祖母;外祖母  

    grandmother [名词  祖母;外祖母  

    grandpa [名词  祖父;外祖父  

    grape [名词  葡萄  

    grass [名词  草  

    gray [形容词  灰色的;  [名词  灰色 

    great [形容词  很棒;大的  

    green [形容词  绿色的;  [名词  绿色 

    ground [名词  地面  

    group [名词  一群  

    grow [动词  种植;成长  

    guava [名词  番石榴  

    guess [动词  猜;  [名词  猜测 

    guitar [名词  吉他  

    guy [名词  家伙;人  

    gym [名词  体育馆;体育;体操  

    habit [名词  习惯  

    hadn't [缩短形  had not  

    hair [名词  头发  

    half [名词  一半  

    Halloween [名词  万圣节  

    ham [名词  火腿  

    hamburger [名词  汉堡  

    hand [动词  面交,给,传递;  [名词  手 

    handsome [形容词  英俊的  

    hang [动词  把…挂起;吊  

    happen [动词  发生  

    happy [形容词  快乐的  

    hard [形容词  硬的;难的;  [副词  辛苦地;猛烈地;牢固地 

    hard-working [形容词  勤勉的  

    hasn't [缩短形  has not  

    hat [名词  帽子  

    hate [动词  憎恨  

    have [动词  有;  [助动词  已经 

    haven't [缩短形  have not  

    he [代名词  他  

    head [名词  头;首长  

    headache [名词  头痛  

    health [名词  健康  

    healthy [形容词  健康的  

    hear [动词  听见  

    heart [名词  心脏  

    heat [名词  热气  

    heavy [形容词  重的  

    he'd [缩短形  he had; he would  

    he'll [缩短形  he will  

    hello [感叹词  哈啰  

    help [动词  帮忙  

    helpful [形容词  有益的  

    hen [名词  母鸡  

    her [代名词  (受格) 她; (所有格) 她的  

    here [副词  在这里  

    hers [代名词  (所有格) 她的(东西)  

    herself [代名词  (反身代名词) 她自己  

    he's [缩短形  he is; he has  

    hey [感叹词  嗨;喂  

    hi [感叹词  嗨  

    hide [动词  躲;隐藏  

    high [形容词  高的  

    hike [动词  徒步旅行;  [名词  徒步旅行 

    hill [名词  丘陵  

    him [代名词  (受格) 他  

    himself [代名词  (反身代名词) 他自己  

    hippo [名词  河马  

    his [代名词  (所有格) 他的; 他的(东西)  

    history [名词  历史  

    hit [动词  打;击  

    hobby [名词  嗜好  

    hold [动词  拿着  

    holiday [名词  假日  

    home [名词  家  

    homework [名词  家庭作业  

    honest [形容词  诚实的  

    honey [名词  蜂蜜;心爱的人  

    hop [动词  单足跳  

    hope [动词  希望  

    horse [名词  马  

    hospital [名词  医院  

    hot [形容词  热的  

    hot dog [名词  热狗  

    hotel [名词  旅馆  

    hour [名词  小时  

    house [名词  房子  

    housewife [名词  家庭主妇  

    how [副词  如何  

    however [连接词  然而;不过  

    how's [缩短形  how is  

    hundred [形容词  一百的;  [名词  一百 

    hungry [形容词  饥饿的  

    hunt [动词  追猎  

    hurry [动词  赶快;  [名词  匆忙 

    hurt [动词  伤害;使疼痛  

    husband [名词  丈夫  

    I [代名词  我  

    ice [名词  冰  

    ice cream [名词  冰淇淋  

    I'd [缩短形  I had; I would  

    idea [名词  主意  

    if [连接词  如果  

    I'll [缩短形  I shall, I will  

    I'm [缩短形  I am  

    important [形容词  重要的  

    in [介系词  在…之内  

    inch [名词  英吋  

    insect [名词  昆虫  

    inside [介系词  在…里面  

    interest [名词  兴趣  

    interested [形容词  感兴趣的  

    interesting [形容词  有趣的  

    Internet [名词  因特网  

    interview [动词  面谈;采访;  [名词  面谈;采访 

    into [介系词  进入  

    invite [动词  邀请  

    is [动词  是,在; be 动词第三人称,单数,现在式  

    island [名词  岛屿  

    isn't [缩短形  is not  

    it [代名词  它  

    it'll [缩短形  it will  

    its [代名词  (所有格) 它的  

    it's [缩短形  it is; it has  

    itself [代名词  (反身代名词) 它自己  

    I've [缩短形  I have  

    jacket [名词  夹克;外套  

    January [名词  一月  

    jeans [名词  牛仔裤  

    job [名词  职业;工作  

    jog [动词  慢跑  

    join [动词  加入  

    joy [名词  欢喜;乐趣  

    juice [名词  果汁  

    July [名词  七月  

    jump [动词  跳跃  

    June [名词  六月  

    junior high school [词组  初级中学  

    just [副词  正好;刚才  

    kangaroo [名词  袋鼠  

    keep [动词  保留;保持  

    key [名词  钥匙  

    kick [动词  踢  

    kid [动词  戏弄;  [名词  小孩 

    kill [动词  杀  

    kilogram [名词  公斤  

    kind [形容词  仁慈的;   [名词 种类 

    king [名词  国王  

    kiss [动词  亲吻;  [名词  吻 

    kitchen [名词  厨房  

    kite [名词  风筝  

    knee [名词  膝盖  

    knife [名词  刀子  

    knock [动词  敲  

    know [动词  知道  

    knowledge [名词  学问;知识  

    koala [名词  澳洲产无尾熊  

    lake [名词  湖  

    lamp [名词  灯  

    land [动词  登陆;  [名词  陆地 

    language [名词  语言  

    lantern [名词  灯笼  

    large [形容词  大的  

    last [形容词  最后的;  [动词  持续;  [副词  最后地

    late [形容词  晚的;迟的  

    laugh [动词  笑  

    lawyer [名词  律师  

    lazy [形容词  懒惰的  

    lead [动词  引导  

    leader [名词  领袖  

    learn [动词  学习  

    least [名词  最少  

    leave [动词  离开;丢下  

    left [形容词  左边的  

    leg [名词  腿  

    lemon [名词  柠檬  

    lend [动词  出借  

    less [形容词  较少的  

    lesson [名词  课;教训  

    let [动词  让  

    let's [缩短形  let us  

    letter [名词  信;字母  

    lettuce [名词  类似莴苣的生菜  

    library [名词  图书馆  

    lid [名词  盖子  

    lie [动词  说谎;躺;  [名词  谎言 

    life&nbs

  • 反意疑问句是疑问句中的一个难点,小升初英语考试中,一般以填空或者选择的形式,让孩子把反意疑问句后半句补充完整,从而来考察孩子对反意疑问句的掌握。反意疑问句的特点是:前肯后否,前否后肯。

      反义疑问句顺口溜:

      反意疑问真好变,前后肯否相反地。

      有情要用情加主,有be要用be加主。

      若是无情又无be,要用do主来代替。

      Let s go特殊记,Shall we 提前要牢记。

      肯定英汉翻译同,否定英汉翻译异。

      祈使句和反义疑问句结合起来应用的几种形式:

      1.表请求

      Do me a favor, will you?

      注意:Do me a favor是祈使句,后面跟了will you?,就是反意疑问句了。

      2.表邀请

      Have a cup of tea ,won t you?

      3.表催促

      Stop talking ,can t you?

      4.表否定

      Don t cry, will you?

      5.let s 与Let us

      let s包括说话对方。Let s go, shall we?

      Let us 不包括说话对方。 Let us go first, will you?

     

  • 一、形容词的比较级

      1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格。

      2.形容词加er的规则:

      ⑴一般在词尾加er ;

      ⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;

      ⑶以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;

      ⑷以 辅音字母+y 结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。

      3.不规则形容词比较级:

      good-better, beautiful-more beautiful

      二、副词的比较级

      1.形容词与副词的区别

      ⑴在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后

      ⑵副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后

      2.副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同

      练习

      一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级

      old__________ young________ tall_______ long________

      short________ strong________ big________ small_______

      fat_________ thin__________ heavy______ light________

      nice_________ good_________ beautiful__________________

      low__________ high_________ slow_______ fast________

      late__________ early_________ far_________ well_______

      二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:

      1. My brother is two years __________than me.

      2. Tom is as ________ as Jim.

      3. Is your sister __________ than you? Yes,she is.

      4. Who is ___________,you or Helen? Helen is.

      5. Whose pencil-box is __________,yours or hers? Hers is.

      6. Mary s hair is as __________ as Lucy s.

      7.Ben ______ ________ than some of the boys in his class.

      8.________ Nancy sing __________ than Helen? Yes, she _____.

      9.Fangfang is not as _________ as the other girls.

      10.My eyes are __________ than ________ ..

      11.Which is ___________,the elephant or the pig?

      12.Who gets up _________,Tim or Tom?

      13._____the girls get up_______ than the boys?No,they______.

      14. Jim runs _____. But Ben runs _____.

      15.The child doesn t______ as ____ as the students.

      三)、翻译句子:

      1、谁比Jim年纪大?是你。

      ________ is _________than Jim? ________ are

      2、谁比David更强壮?是Gao Shan.

      ________ _________ than David? Gao Shan ________.

      3、谁的铅笔更长,他的还是她的?我想是她的。

      _________ pencil is _________,______or________?________is,I think.

      4、谁的苹果更重,你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的? 我的弟弟的。

      _________ apples ________ ________,your _______ or your _______?

      My ____________ ___________.

      5、你和你的叔叔一样高吗?是的。

      _________ ________as _________as your uncle?Yes,I am.

      6、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。

      He _______ as __________ as ________ ________ Jim.

      7、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗?不,她比他瘦。

      ________ ________ as _________ as______ twin _______?

      No, _________ _________ than him.

      8.Yang Ling每天睡得比SuYang晚。

      Yang Ling ________ to _______ ________ than Su Yang every day.

      9.我跳得和Mike一样远。

      I _________ as _______ as Mike.

      10.Tom比你跑得快吗?不是的,他和我跑得一样快。

      ____ Tom _____ _____ than you?No,he _______. He_____ as_____ as_____.

      11.多做运动,你会更强壮。

      ________ more exercise,you ll ________ _________ soon.

      12.我的科学很好,但是语文不好。

      I ______ ________ at Science.But I don t _________ well in Chinese.

      13. 你放风筝比王兵放得高吗?不,我比他放得低。

      ____you_______the kite_____than Wang bing?No,I______it _____than___.

      14.我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。

      I like_______.All my______ _______ _______than me.

      15.我的姐姐起得比我早。

      My_____ _____ up _____than me.

      16.女孩比男孩唱得好吗?是的。

      ____the girls______ ______ ______the boys? Yes,they ____.

      17.她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。

      She doesn t ____ _____ in PE. But I don t ______ _____than_____.

      18.你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗?不,他们踢得和我一样好。

      ___ you ____football _____than your classmates?No,they____as____as me.

      19.我母亲比我父亲年纪小。

      My_____ _____ ______than my ______.

      20.她的毛衣和我的一样重。

      _____sweater_____ as_______as_____.

      21.我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。

      My dress_____ too_____. I want to _____a______one.

      22. I m taller than Mike .

      I m _________ as ________ as Mike.

    1. It ______ Ben s birthday last Friday.

      2. We all ______ a good time last night.

      3. He ________ high on last Sports Day.

      4. Helen ________ a cow on Friday.

      5. She likes ______ newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday.

      6. He _______ football now, but they _______ basketball just now.

      7. Jim s mother _________ trees just now.

      8. _______ they ________ the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

      9. I _______ a cartoon on Monday.

      10. We ___________ to school on Sunday.

      二、 中译英

      1. 我们上周五看了一部电影。

      _________________________________________________________

      2. 他上个中秋节走亲访友了吗?是的。

      _________________________________________________________

      3. 你们上个儿童节做了什么?我们参观了动物园。

      _________________________________________________________

      4. 你上周在哪儿?在野营基地。

      _________________________________________________________

      过去时综合练习

      Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________

      一、 用动词的适当形式填空

      1. It _____ the 2nd of November yesterday.

      Mr White ________ to his office by car.

      2. Gao Shan ________ the book on his head a moment ago.

      3. Don t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday.

      4. What ____ you ______ just now? I _______ some housework.

      5. They _________ a kite a week ago.

      6. I want to ______ apples. But my dad _______ all of them last month.

      7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____.

      8. She ____ a pretty girl. Look, she _____ Chinese dances.

      9. The students often _________ some pictures in the art room.

      10.What ______ Mike do on the farm? He ________ cows.

      二、中译英

      1. 他的朋友在照看他的弟弟。

      _________________________________________________________

      2. 去年端午节我们没去看了龙舟比赛。

      _________________________________________________________

      3. 他在音乐课上拉小提琴了吗?不,没有。

      _________________________________________________________

     

  • book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

      1. 以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:

      bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

        2. 以 辅音字母+y 结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:

      family-families, strawberry-strawberries

      3. 以 f或fe 结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:

      knife-knives

      4. 不规则名词复数:

      man-men

      woman-women

      policeman-policemen

      policewoman-policewomen

      mouse-mice

      child-children

      foot-feet

      tooth-teeth

      fish-fish

      people-people

      Chinese-Chinese

      Japanese-Japanese

      小练习:

      写出下列各词的复数

      I _________him _________this ___________her ______

      watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______

      day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________

      tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____

      thief _______yo-yo ______ peach______ sandwich ______

      man______ woman_______ paper_______ juice___________

      water________ milk________ rice__________ tea__________